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Increased Expression of HOXB2 and HOXB13 Proteins is Associated with HPV Infection and Cervical Cancer Progression

  • Gonzalez-Herrera, A.L. (Laboratorio de Oncologia Molecular, Unidad de Investigacion Medica en Enfermedades Oncologicas CMN S XXI IMSS) ;
  • Salgado-Bernabe, M. (Laboratorio de Oncologia Molecular, Unidad de Investigacion Medica en Enfermedades Oncologicas CMN S XXI IMSS) ;
  • Velazquez-Velazquez, C.K. (Laboratorio de Oncologia Molecular, Unidad de Investigacion Medica en Enfermedades Oncologicas CMN S XXI IMSS) ;
  • Salcedo-Vargas, M. (Laboratorio de Oncologia Genomica, Unidad de Investigacion Medica en Enfermedades Oncologicas CMN S XXI IMSS) ;
  • Andrade-Manzano, A. (Departamento de Patologia Hospital de Ginecoobstetricia no. IMSS) ;
  • Avila-Moreno, F. (Laboratorio de Epigenomica del Cancer, Unidad de Biomedicina FES-Iztacala, UNAM) ;
  • Pina-Sanchez, P. (Laboratorio de Oncologia Molecular, Unidad de Investigacion Medica en Enfermedades Oncologicas CMN S XXI IMSS)
  • Published : 2015.03.09

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer (CeCa) is the second most common cancer in women in developing countries, and human papilloma virus (HPV) is the primary etiological factor. Aberrant expression of HOX transcription factors has been observed in several types of cancer. To date, however, no reports exist on the expression of HOXB2 and HOXB13 proteins during neoplastic progression in CeCa and its correlation with HPV infection. Materials and Methods: Expression of HOXB2 and HOXB13 proteins was assessed in tissue microarrays from normal cervical epithelium, cervical intraepithelial neoplasias grade 1-3, and CeCa. HPV was detected by PCR and sequencing. Expression of HOX-positive cells was determined in each diagnostic group. Results: Percentage of HOXB2- and HOXB13-positive cells gradually increased from means of 10.9% and 16.7%, respectively, in samples from healthy women, to 75.2% and 88.6% in those from CeCa patients. Frequency of HPV infection also increased from 13% in healthy tissue samples to 92.3% in CeCa. Both HOXB2 and HOXB13 proteins were preferentially expressed in HPV+ samples. Conclusions: The present study represents the first report on the expression of both HOXB2 and HOXB13 proteins through cervix tumorigenesis, providing evidence that increased expression of such proteins is a common event during progression to CeCa.

Keywords

Cervical cancer;HOXB2 and HOXB13 proteins;HPV infection;progression

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT)

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