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From Self-care for Healthy People to Self-management for Cancer Patients with Cancer Portals

  • Azadmanjir, Zahra (Health Information Management Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Safdari, Reza (Health Information Management Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Ghazisaeidi, Marjan (Health Information Management Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.03.09

Abstract

Self-care to prevent cancer and self-management to cope with the disease are two discrete effective mechanisms for improving of control and management of neoplasia. Both them have certain strategies and practices. Often the two are used interchangeably despite their different approaches. Strategies of self-care usually refer to prevention at different levels include primary, secondary and tertiary. In contrast, strategies of self-management are related to management and alleviation of unpleasant cancer-related symptoms and treatment-related side effects for improving the quality of life of cancer survivors. Successful promoting of self-care and self-management strategies need people and survivor empowerment. Within this context, innovative approaches open a new window. In this paper after a brief review of related strategies and practices, we provide an explanation of how cancer portals may play an important role in the empowerment process and what are key potentials for implementing of self-care and self-management strategies for cancer.

Keywords

Self-care;self-management;cancer;portal;symptom management;prevention

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