Self-esteem Changes Among the Adults Across the Lifespan : Examining the Predictors of the Change

성인기 자아존중감 변화와 영향요인에 대한 연구

  • 김혜미 (인천대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 문혜진 (서울대학교 사회복지연구소) ;
  • 장혜림 (서울장신대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2014.09.30
  • Accepted : 2014.12.08
  • Published : 2015.02.28


The present study examines the development of self-esteem from young adulthood to old age, as well as predictors of change in self-esteem over time. The eight waves of Korean Welfare Panel Data(KOWEPS) were used for analyses, and a nationally representative sample of 15,511 individual aged 19 years and above were included. The multilevel growth curve model was specified to address the research questions. The result shows that the self-esteem trajectory differed across different age groups with those in early adulthood and adulthood showed an increasing linear trajectories while the old age showed a declining slope. Furthermore, predictors of changes in self-esteem also differed across the age groups that while depression and relationship variables were constant in predicting self-esteem change for all three age groups, some variables such as marital status, poverty status, and employment status predicted individuals in certain age groups. Such results demonstrate the need to understand and examine the change in self-esteem at the individual level.


Self-esteem;self-esteem trajectory;life span;time-varying variables;multilevel growth modeling