Feeding Difficulty and its influencing factors of Elders with Dementia in Long-term Care Facilities

요양시설 치매노인의 식사행동장애와 관련요인

  • Received : 2014.12.31
  • Accepted : 2015.02.12
  • Published : 2015.02.28


The purpose of this study was to investigate feeding difficulty and its influencing factors of elders with dementia in long-term care facilities. Participants were 158 elders with dementia residing in three nursing facilities. Data were collected from Aug. 18 to Sep. 12 in 2014. The feeding difficulty in dementia scale, Korean version-Activities of Daily Living and Mini-Mental State Exam-Korean version were used as instruments. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression by SPSS 17.0. Mean feeding difficulty score was $0.62{\pm}0.43$(range of 0-2). The highest feeding difficulty item was "patient require close supervision while feeding". The variables influencing the feeding difficulty was ADL(${\beta}=.312$), cognitive function(${\beta}=-.172$) which explained about 20.0% of total variance. The results suggest the need of developing feeding difficulty coping strategy according to dietary behavior phase, In addition, the development and testing the educational program for caregivers to help feeding difficulty of the elders with dementia in long-term facility are recommended.


Dementia;Feeding Difficulty;Long-term Care


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