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Current status of diving and institutional improvement plan of diving apparatus fishery in the southern coast of Korea

우리나라 남해안 잠수기 어업의 잠수현황과 제도적 개선방안

  • Heo, Gyeom (Department of Fisheries Physics, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Lim, Seok-Won (Division of Marine Production System Management, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Shin, Hyeon-Ok (Division of Marine Production System Management, Pukyong National University)
  • 허겸 (부경대학교 수산물리학과) ;
  • 임석원 (부경대학교 해양생산시스템관리학부) ;
  • 신현옥 (부경대학교 해양생산시스템관리학부)
  • Received : 2015.01.29
  • Accepted : 2015.02.26
  • Published : 2015.02.28

Abstract

A large number of divers that are engaged in a diving apparatus fishery (DAF) have been experienced a decompression sickness. This study has two purposes. One is measurement of the diving patterns and respiration rate. The other one is to research the institutional improvement plan of the DAF. In the experiments, the diving depth, the diving time, the total ascent time and the ascent rate were about 12.4 m, 22 min, 28 s and 28.1 m/min, respectively, in Tongyeong. In the case of Geoje the diving depth, the diving time, the total ascent time and the ascent rate were about 20 m, 64 min, 17 min and 1.3 m/min, respectively. In a questionnaire survey, the diving depth was 20~29 m (56.4%) in Tongyeong and Geoje, the diving time was 50~59 min (42.9%) in Tongyeong and 70~79 min (35%) in Geoje and all of the divers experienced decompression sickness. In the investigation related to a institutional issue, both of the diving apparatus fisheries had adopted the share system. And the laws and the system for the safety of the divers were not enough in Korea. This study suggests that the license and the diving time for diver of the DAF are needed and diver protection for decompression sickness is needed in the law. And the wage payments should change from full sharing to partial sharing included a regular pay to enhance the safety of the divers.

Keywords

Diving apparatus fishery;Safety;Diving pattern;Breathing rate;Institutional improvement plan

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