Estimating the biomass of anchovy species off the coast of Tongyeong and Yeosu in South Korea in the spring and winter of 2013 and 2014

2013년-2014년 춘계와 동계에 대한 통영과 여수 연안역의 멸치 어군의 현존량 추정

  • Kang, Myounghee (Department of Maritime Police and Production System/Institute of Marine Industry, The institute of Maritime Industry, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Seo, Young Il (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Oh, Taeg Yun (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Lee, Kyounghoon (School of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Jang, Choong-Sik (Department of Maritime Police and Production System/Institute of Marine Industry, The institute of Maritime Industry, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 강명희 (경상대학교 해양경찰시스템학과/해양산업연구소) ;
  • 서영일 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 오택윤 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 이경훈 (전남대학교 해양기술학부) ;
  • 장충식 (경상대학교 해양경찰시스템학과/해양산업연구소)
  • Received : 2015.01.27
  • Accepted : 2015.02.17
  • Published : 2015.02.28


Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) is one of the most important species in the South Sea of South Korea. In order to estimate the biomass of anchovy, acoustic surveys, concurrently with trawling, were conducted in April, July, and September of 2013 and February of 2014 off the coast of Tongyeong and Yeosu. However, anchovies were found only during spring (April) and winter (February) surveys. To display only anchovy species confirmed by trawls on empty spaced echograms, virtual echograms were created. Three target strength (TS) values of anchovy were used: TS_z = 20 log L - (20/3) log (1+z/10) - 67.6 (Zhao et al.), TS_y =20 log L - 72.9 (Yoon et al.), TS_f = 20 log L - 71.9 (Foote). For anchovy schools combined with other species e.g., hairtail, squid, and Korean pomfret, their TS values were used to calculate an average TS. As a result, the anchovy biomass in the winter survey was approximately 75,000 tons (TS_z), 90,000 tons (TS_f), 114,000 tons (TS_y), respectively. The biomass in spring was 9,000 tons (TS_z), 9,200 tons (TS_f), 10,000 tons (TS_y). The sampling variance of spring was 70% and of winter was 30%. In order to manage anchovy resource sustainably, larvae and adult anchovy should be separately surveyed, the optimal area, date, and time for acoustic survey should be investigated, and the biomass survey should be done for relatively long and regular base.


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