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Quality Characteristics of Marinated Chicken Breast as Influenced by the Methods of Mechanical Processing

  • Kim, Hack-Youn ;
  • Kim, Kon-Joong ;
  • Lee, Jong-Wan ;
  • Kim, Gye-Woong ;
  • Choe, Ju-Hui ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Wook ;
  • Yoon, Yohan ;
  • Kim, Cheon-Jei
  • Received : 2014.10.06
  • Accepted : 2014.12.22
  • Published : 2015.02.28

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of various marination processes on the quality characteristics of chicken breast prepared with chicken feet gelatin and wheat fiber. The chicken feet gelatin was swollen with hydrochloric solution (0.1 N HCl, pH $1.31{\pm}0.02$) and dehydrated by freeze-drying. The composition (w/w) of the marinade was water (10%), soy sauce (12%), phosphate (0.3%), wheat fiber (1.5%), and chicken feet gelatin (1.5%). Three samples of chicken breast were manufactured with Tumbler (only tumbler), Tenderizer (tenderizer and tumbler), and Injector (injector and tumbler). The water content of the Injector sample was significantly higher than those of the Tumbler and Tenderizer samples (p<0.05). During heating, the lightness of all chicken breasts increased and the redness decreased. The tumbling and cooking yield of the Injector sample were significantly higher than those of the Tumbler and Tenderizer samples (p<0.05). The shear force of the Tenderizer sample was significantly lower than that of the Tumbler and Injector samples (p<0.05). No significant differences, except for color, were observed in the sensory analysis of the samples. Thus, the proper selection of mechanical processing is important to improve the quality characteristics of marinated chicken breast, considering the types of final products.

Keywords

chicken breast;tumbler;tenderizer;injector;gelatin;fiber

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Acknowledgement

Grant : 축산식품사업단