Predictors of Knowledge Level and Awareness towards Breast Cancer among Turkish Females

  • Aydogan, Umit (Department of Family Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Doganer, Yusuf C. (Turkish Military Academy, Primary Care Examination Center) ;
  • Kilbas, Zafer (Department of General Surgery, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Rohrer, James E. (Mayo Clinic) ;
  • Sari, Oktay (Department of General Surgery, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Usterme, Necibe (Department of Family Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Yuksel, Servet (Department of Family Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Akbulut, Halil (Department of Family Medicine, 4th Air Force Base) ;
  • Balkan, Salih M. (Department of General Surgery, TOBB ETU Hospital) ;
  • Saglam, Kenan (Department of Internal Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Tufan, Turgut (Department of General Surgery, Gulhane Military Medical Academy)
  • Published : 2015.02.04


Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most-common malignancy of women worldwide. Though there are differences among developed and developing countries, BC remains the most common cancer type of women in Turkey. Objective: This study aimed to identify the level of knowledge, awareness, and their potential predictors towards BC in Ankara, Turkey. Materials and Methods: The present descriptive study was conducted on 376 females attending a breast health outpatient clinic. A self-administered questionnaire was designed to evaluate knowledge level about BC and predictors effecting its level. Data analysis was performed using the chi-square test. A value of p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Mean age of the participants was $46.2{\pm}9.93$ (22-75). The majority (92.6 %) were married; 41.5% were educated less than nine years. Most of the women were housewives (82.7%) and, were living in an urban region (86.4%). Predictors of effecting responses to seven knowledge and awareness questions about BC varied from demographic features including older age groups, higher educational levels, being married, living in an urban area, being employee, smoking, having greater BMI to additional attributes associated breast health such as the increased number of births, applying for the purpose of control, positive family history of breast diseases, any diagnoses of breast diseases and performing BSE practice. Conclusions: It was determined that females in Turkey have better knowledge of BC than other developing countries even though it is not at the desired level. These findings revealed that females should be more informed about BC risk factors, prognosis and treatments by primary health-care providers to counteract the ascending burden of this disease.


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