Incidence Data for Breast Cancer among Yemeni Female Patients with Palpable Breast Lumps

  • Alsanabani, Jamila Ali (Surgical Department, Faculty of Medicine&Health Sciences, Sana'A University) ;
  • Gilan, Waleed (Surgical Department, Faculty of Medicine&Health Sciences, Sana'A University) ;
  • Al Saadi, Azzan (Surgical Department, Faculty of Medicine&Health Sciences, Sana'A University)
  • Published : 2015.02.04


Purpose: To estimate the incidence of breast cancer in Yemeni female patients presenting with a breast mass. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was carried out with 595 female patients with palpable breast lumps, attending to Alkuwait university hospital, Sana'a, Yemen. Triple assessment, including breast examination, mammography and biopsy (FNAC, core needle, or excision), for all patients were performed. Results: The incidences of benign and malignant lesions was calculated. Some 160 (26.9%) of 595 patients had malignancies; 213 (35.8%) were fibroadenomas; 12 (2.0%) were fibrocystic change; 143 (24.03%) were inflammatory lesions (including mastitis and ductectasia); 62 (10.4%) were simple cysts, while 5 (0.8%) were phyllodes tumors. The mean age of patients with malignant lumps was 44.3 years. Conclusions: Among Yemeni female patients with palpable breast lumps, the rate of breast cancer is high, with occurrence at an earlier age than in Western countries. Improving breast cancer awareness programs and increasing breast cancer screening centers inb different areas of Yemen are needed to establish early diagnosis and offer early and optimal treatment.


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