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Gynaecological Cancer Mortality in Serbia, 1991-2010: A Joinpoint Regression Analysis

  • Ilic, Milena (Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac) ;
  • Ilic, Irena (Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac)
  • Published : 2015.02.04

Abstract

The descriptive epidemiological study aimed to analyse the mortality trends from gynaecological cancer in Serbia. Average annual percentage of change (AAPC) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed for trend using joinpoint regression analysis. Nearly 25,000 gynaecological cancer deaths occurred in Serbia during the 1991-2010 period, with the average annual age-standardised mortality rate being 17.2 per 100,000 women. Increase of mortality was observed for cancer of the vulva and vagina (AAPC=+1.3%, 95% CI=0.1 to 2.6), ovarian cancer (AAPC=+0.8%, 95% CI=0.4-1.3) and for cervical cancer (AAPC=+0.7%, 95% CI=0.3 to 1.1). Mortality rates for gynaecological cancer overall declined in women aged 30-39 years, but mortality was increased in middle-aged women (for cervical cancer) and in the elderly (for ovarian cancer). Improvements to and implementation of the national cervical cancer screening programme conducted in 2013 and expected to be finalised in the following years throughout Serbia should contribute to improvement.

Keywords

Gynaecological cancer;mortality trend;joinpoint regression analysis;Serbia

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Serbia

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