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Cross Sectional Survey on Association between Alcohol, Betel-Nut, Cigarette Consumption and Health Promoting Behavior of Industrial Workers in Ghaziabad

  • Arora, Dimple (Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sudha Rustogi College of Dental Sciences and Reserch) ;
  • Marya, Charu Mohan (Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sudha Rustogi College of Dental Sciences and Reserch) ;
  • Menon, Ipseeta (Department of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research) ;
  • Oberoi, Sukhvinder Singh (Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sudha Rustogi College of Dental Sciences and Reserch) ;
  • Dhingra, Chandan (Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sudha Rustogi College of Dental Sciences and Reserch) ;
  • Anand, Richa (Department of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research)
  • Published : 2015.02.04

Abstract

Background: The work force in industries are at risk of developing unduly high rates of health and behaviour related problems including abuse of alcohol, betel nut and cigarette (alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption). This study describes the relationships between alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption and health promoting behaviour among industrial workers. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted on workers in various industries of Ghaziabad city with concerned authority permission. A sample size of 732 workers was calculated based on pilot study. Through Simple random sampling 732 workers in 20 to 50 years age group with informed consent were interviewed through structured, pretested, validated questionnaire in vernacular language by one calibrated investigator. Data on socio demography, alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption pattern and health behaviour were collected. The association between health promoting behaviour and alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption was analysed by Logistic regression and Chi-square test through SPSS 16 at p<0.05 and 95%CI as significant. Results: Total prevalence of alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption in study population was 88%. The prevalence of individual alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption were 82%, 68% and 79% respectively. Combined alcohol, betel nut and cigarette prevalence in study population was 58%. Alcohol and cigarette users were significantly higher (p<0.001) in 30 to 40 years age group with lower level of education having poor attitude towards health promoting behaviour, poor oral hygiene practices and rare indulgence in regular physical exercise. Conclusions: This study stimulate further research on exploring methods to prevent initiation of health risk behaviour and promote healthy behaviour with cessation help for the current alcohol, betel nut and cigarette users.

Keywords

Alcohol;betel-nut;cigarette;health promoting behaviour;oral cancer;industrial workers

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