DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Cultural Competence, Health Promotion Behavior, and Quality of Life in Married Immigrant Women in Korea

결혼이주 여성의 문화적 역량, 건강증진 생활양식 및 삶의 질

  • 정명실 (성신여자대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2014.09.24
  • Accepted : 2014.12.15
  • Published : 2015.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the correlation coefficient cultural competence, health promotion behavior, and quality of life of married immigrant women in Korea. Methods: The participants included 88 married immigrant women who applied to educational programs for medical tour coordinators and agreed to participate in the study. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires that were constructed to include scales to measure cultural competence, health promotion behavior, and quality of life. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients with SPSS/WIN 19.0. Results: Both cultural competence and health promotion behavior were different according to the husband's occupation. There was a positive correlation between cultural competence and quality of life, a positive correlation between health promotion behavior and quality of life, and a positive correlation between health promotion behavior and cultural competence. Conclusion: From a long-term point of view, various programs for married immigrant women should greatly strengthen their cultural competence and help them become genuine members of our society and live an independent life. Developing detailed and active programs for nursing intervention to constitute a healthy lifestyle and improve the quality of life is recommended.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 성신여자대학교

References

  1. Bussema, E., & Nemec, P. (2006). Training to increase cultural competence. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 30(1), 71-73. doi: 10.2975/30.2006.71.73 https://doi.org/10.2975/30.2006.71.73
  2. Castro, A. B., Gee, G. C., & Takeuchi, D. T. (2010). Examining alternative measures of social disadvantage among asian americans: the relevance of economic opportunity, subjective social status, and financial strain for health. Immigrant Minority Health, 12(5), 659-671. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-009-9258-3
  3. Choi, S. Y., & Lee, S. C. (2011). A study on the development of organizational cultural competence measure for human service agencies. Korean Journal of Social Welfare Research, 28, 147-168.
  4. Fantini, A., & Tirmizi, A. (2006). Exploring and assessing intercultural competence. World Learning Publications. Paper 1. Retrieved Octorber 14, 2014, from http://digitalcollections.sit.edu/worldlearning_publications/1
  5. Jeon, E. Y., Choi, S. R., & Han, S. S. (2007). Influencing factors on health-promotion lifestyle of nurses. Journal of East-West Nursing Research, 13(1), 40-47.
  6. Jeong, N. O. (2008). A prediction model of health-promoting behavior in married immigrant women. Unpublished master's thesis, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju.
  7. Kim, M. J., Kim, T. I., & Kwon, Y. J. (2008). A study on health promotion behavior and contraception in married immigrant women. Women Health Nursing, 14(4), 323-332. https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2008.14.4.323
  8. Kim, M. J., & Shin, S. M. (2010). A study of the effect of intercultural competence on acculturation of international marriage migrant women in urban areas. The Korean Journal of Women Psychology, 15(4), 711-737. https://doi.org/10.18205/kpa.2010.15.4.009
  9. Kim, M. K. (2001). A study of relationship between health-promoting behavior indices and quality of life indices. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Yonsei University, Seoul.
  10. Kim, N. Y. (2011). A study on the social integration policies of multi-cultural families in Korea. Unpublished master's thesis, Dong-A University, Busan.
  11. Kim, S. N. (2013). The relationship between cultural competence of the mongols who were korean immigrants and their acculturation stress. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Seoul Christian University, Seoul.
  12. Kim, S. O., Lim, H. S., & Jeong, G. C. (2013). Effects of support from spouse and family on the mental health of marriage immigrant women, Korean Journal of Contents, 13(11), 221-235. http://dx.doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.11.221 https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.11.221
  13. Kim, Y. K. (2009). Current status of multicultural families in a multicultural era and policy implications. Health and welfare policy forum, 151, 29-52
  14. Kim, Y. L. (2007). Women-immigrants' lives and their socialcultural accommodation- related policy for the multicultural society. The Journal of Asian Women, 45(1), 143-189.
  15. Kim, Y. S., Kim, M. J., & Han, K. S. (2007). Experience culture conflict and political subject to improve communication in married immigrant women in Korea. Korean Women's Development Institute, 291-308.
  16. Korea Statistical Information Service. (2010). Marriages to foreigners for Sis, Guns, Gus. Retrieved July 3, 2010, from http://kosis.kr/html/InterStatic/staticCount .jsp?org_id=101&tbl_id=DT_1B83A24&olap At=Y&vwcd=MT_ZTITLE & path
  17. Lim, H. B. (2009). A study on the difference between Korean and western multicultural societies and comparison of their policies. The journal of migration &society, 2(1), 161-192.
  18. Min, S. K., Lee, C. I., Kim, K. I., Suh, S. Y., & Kim, D. K. (2000). Development of Korean version of WHO quality of life scale abbreviated version (WHOQOL-BREF). Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 39, 571-579.
  19. Oh, K. S., Kim, H. J., Lee, S. O., Park, H. S., Chung, J. H., Chung, H. S., et al. (2007). Multiculuralism in South Korea: a critical review, Paju, Hanwool.
  20. Oh, S. H., & Yoon, D. S. (2006). A comparative study on quality of life on the elderly among urban, farm and island area. Journal of Welfare for the Aged, 32, 119-147.
  21. Panchanadeswaran, S., & Dawson, B. A. (2010). How discrimination and stress affects self-esteem among Dominican immigrant women: An exploratory study. Social Work in Public Health, 26, 60-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10911350903341069 https://doi.org/10.1080/10911350903341069
  22. Park, C. K. (2013). A study on employment determinants and support-policy of international marriage migrant women in rural and urban communities. GRI REVIEW, 15(1), 6-31.
  23. Park, M. S., & Park, C. K. (2011). A study on the effects of korean spoken capability on the family lives of international marriage migration women, Multicultural Education Studies, 6(4), 19-41.
  24. Petrovich, A., & Lowe, M. (2005). Developing cultural competence, Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 25, 157-176. doi: 10.1300/J067v25n03_10 https://doi.org/10.1300/J067v25n03_10
  25. Schwartz, S. J., Unger, J. B., Zamboanga, B. L., & Szapocznik, J. (2010). Rethinking the concept of acculturation: implications for theory and research. American Psychologist, 65(4), 237-251. doi: 10.1037/a0019330 https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019330
  26. Walker, S. N., Sechrist, K. R., & Pender, N. J.(1987). The health promoting life style profile. development and psychometric characteristics. Nursing Research, 36(2), 76-81. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006199-198703000-00002
  27. Yang, S. J. (2010). Health status, health care utilization and related factors among asian immigrant women in Korea. Journal of Korean Academy of Public Health Nursing, 24(2), 323-335.
  28. Yoo, E. K., Kim, H. J., & Kim, M. H. (2012). Factors influencing quality of life in married immigrant women in Korea. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 42(2), 171-180. http://dx.doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2012.42.2.171 https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2012.42.2.171
  29. Yoon, H. M. (2009). Social work with marriage based immigrant families: an application of empowerment approach. Korean Journal of Social Welfare, 61(4), 85-108.