The Influence of Home Child Care Allowance on the Choice of Child Care Types : Focusing on the Concordance between an Ideal and Actual Child Care Type

양육수당이 자녀 돌봄유형 선택에 미치는 영향 : 이상적인 돌봄유형과 현재 돌봄유형의 일치여부를 중심으로

  • Choi, Seulmin (Department of Child Development & Family Studies, Research Institute of Human Ecology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Chin, Meejung (Department of Child Development & Family Studies, Research Institute of Human Ecology, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 2014.11.15
  • Accepted : 2015.02.04
  • Published : 2015.02.28


This study aims to examine how home child care allowance influences a mother's choice of child care type. To accomplish this goal, we surveyed 432 mothers who had at least one child under 5 years old. The data were analyzed by frequencies, percentages, means and binomial logistic regressions. The results showed that unemployed mothers and mothers with younger children had a high tendency to choose home child care allowance instead of child care subsidy. Second, mother's employment status, age of first child and an interactive term of mother's employment status and home child care receipt influenced a concordance between an ideal and actual child care type. Unemployed mothers and mothers with younger children were more likely to experience a concordance between their ideal and actual types of child care. By investigating how home child care allowance affects the right of choice in child care type, this study provides empirical information to policy makers and researchers and contributes to develop cash-benefit policies for families with young children.


  1. Arksey, H., & Kemp, P. (2008). Dimensions of choice : A narrative review of cash-for-care schemes(DHP 2250). York: University of York.
  2. Baek, E., Han, S., & Kang, M. (2011). Study on utilization and preference type of child care support service for infants. The Journal of Korea Open Association for Early Childhood Education, 16(4), 210-233.
  3. Baek, S.-H., & Cho, S.-W. (2005). The determining factors of expenditure levels for daycare and education services for families with pre-school children. Korea Journal of Child Care and Education, 41, 429-455.
  4. Blank, R. (2000). When can public policy makers rely on private markets? The effective provision of social services. The Economic Journal, 110(march), 34-49.
  5. Blomqvist, P. (2004). The choice revolution: Privatization of Swedish welfare services in the 1990s. Social Policy & Administration, 38(2), 139-155.
  6. Breda, J., Shoenmaekers, D., Landeghem, V. C., Claessens, D., & Geerts, J. (2006). When informal care becomes a paid job: the case of personal assistance budgets in Flanders. In G. Caroline & A. K. Peter (Eds.), Cash and care: Policy challenges in the welfare state (pp. 55-70). Bristol: Policy Press.
  7. Brennan, D., Cass, B., Himmelweit, S., & Szebehely, M. (2012). Care, markets and migration in a globalising world: Introduction to the special issue. Journal of European Social Policy, 22(4), 355-362.
  8. Choi, S. S., & Hong, K. Z. (2012). A study on factors influencing choice of child care type: Focusing on the care type in infanthood. Social Welfare Policy, 39(3), 29-57.
  9. Eydal, G. B., & Rostgaard, T. (2011). Gender equality revisited-.changes in nordic child care policies in the 2000s. Social Policy & Administration, 45(2), 161-179.
  10. Freedman, R. I., & Boyer, N. C. (1999). The power to choose: Supports for families caring for individuals with developmental disabilities. Health and Social Work, 25(1), 59-68.
  11. Greener, I. (2008). Markets in the public sector: When do they work, and what do we do when they don't?. Policy and Politics, 36(1), 93-108.
  12. Han, Y. M. (2010). A study on child care allowan- ces. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 31(2), 263-275.
  13. Heo, N. J., & Seok, J. E. (2011). Is the child care subsidy program in korea friendly to working mothers?. Social Welfare Policy, 38(2), 139-163.
  14. Hiilamo, H., & Kangas, O. (2003). Trap for women or freedom to choose?. Paper session presented at the inaugural ESP Anet conference.
  15. Hong, S. A. (2008). Child care support policies from gender perspective. Symposium conducted at KWDI 25h anniversary international symposium.
  16. Hong, S. A. (2011). Study on gender effects of home child care allowance: A case study of Finland. Journal of Critical Social Welfare, 31, 85-119.
  17. Hong, S.-A. (2005). Gender and welfare state restructuring : Focusing on french child care policy. The Women's Studies, 69, 139-173.
  18. Kim, J. K. (2004). Factors that decide the job continuity of young mothers. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 42(3), 91-104.
  19. Kim, J. K. (2005). Factors that affect the use and expenditure of households for childhood education and care centers. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 43(6), 47-60.
  20. Kim, S. M., Lee, K. H., & Sung, J. M. (2000). A study on the relationship between the women's labor force participation and child care : The types and the costs of child care. Korean Journal of Labour Economics, 23(0), 219-239.
  21. Korea Institute of Child Care and Education. (2010). Utilization and cost of child care support service by income level.
  22. Korea Institute of Child Care and Education. (2011). Effects and improvement of child rearing support policies.
  23. Kremer, M. (2002). The illusion of free choice: Ideals of care and child care policy in the Flemish and Dutch welfare states. In M. Sonya, & M. Rianne (Eds.), Child care policy at the crossroads: Gender and welfare state restructuring (pp. 113-142). New York: Routledge.
  24. Lim, Y.-K. (2008). Parent's variables influencing child care center selection. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea.
  25. Ministry of Health & Welfare. (2013). 2012 National survey of child care.
  26. Morel, N. (2006). Providing coverage against new social risks in bismarckian welfare states: The case of long-term care. In A. Klaus, & B. Giuliano (Eds.), The politics of post-industrial welfare states. (pp. 227-247). New York: Routledge.
  27. OECD. (2014). OECD Family Data 2014. Retrieved from ash_Benefits_Jul2013.pdf
  28. OECD. (2015). Average annual wages. Retrieved from V_AN_WAGE
  29. Park, S. W. (2008). Factors that influence on child care expenses of household with pre-school children. Journal of Consumption Culture, 11(2), 197-213.
  30. Park, S. W. (2011). Factors that influence the type of child care services and child care expenses. Korea Journal of Human Ecology, 20(4), 831-847.
  31. Song, D. Y. (2010). Stratification and gender in "free choice." Korean Journal of Family Social Work, 28(4), 347-378.
  32. Song, D.-Y. (2009). Family policy and free choice in child care. Issues in Feminism, 9(2), 83-117.
  33. The Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. (2005). Status of child care and cost of child care service.
  34. Yoo, H. (2010). Free choice on the child care policies. Social Theory, 15, 297-329.
  35. Yoon, H.-S. (2010). child care types and household characteristics. Social Science Research, 26(1), 1-25.