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Nutrient intakes of infants with atopic dermatitis and relationship with feeding type

  • Han, Youngshin (Environmental Health Center for Atopic Diseases, Samsung Medical Center) ;
  • Lee, Youngmi (Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University) ;
  • Park, Haeryun (Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University) ;
  • Park, Sunyoung (Cancer Center, Samsung Medical Center) ;
  • Song, Kyunghee (Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University)
  • Received : 2014.09.17
  • Accepted : 2014.12.01
  • Published : 2015.02.01

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of atopic dermatitis in infants is increasing worldwide. However, the nutrient intake status of infants with atopic dermatitis has not been studied properly. This study was conducted to compare the nutrient intake status of infants in the weaning period with atopic dermatitis by feeding type. MATERIALS/METHODS: Feeding types, nutrient intake status and growth status of 98 infants with atopic dermatitis from age 6 to 12 months were investigated. Feeding types were surveyed using questionnaires, and daily intakes were recorded by mothers using the 24-hour recall method. Growth and iron status were also measured. RESULTS: The result showed that breastfed infants consumed less energy and 13 nutrients compared to formula-fed or mixed-fed infants (P < 0.001). The breastfed group showed a significantly lower intake rate to the Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans than the other two groups (P < 0.001). In addition, they consumed less than 75% of the recommended intakes in all nutrients, except for protein and vitamin A, and in particular, iron intake was very low, showing just 18.7% of the recommended intake. There was no significant difference in growth by feeding type, but breastfed infants showed a significantly higher rate of iron deficiency anemia (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous management programs should be prepared for breastfed infants with atopic dermatitis, who are in a period when rapid growth takes place and proper nutrient intake is essential.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF)

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