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Relations of Postpartum Depression with Socio-Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Preterm Infants and Mothers

미숙아와 어머니의 인구사회학적, 임상적 특성과 산후우울과의 관련성

  • Bang, Kyung-Sook (College of Nursing and The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kang, Hyun-Ju (College of Nursing, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kwon, Mi-Kyung (Department of Nursing, Catholic Kwandong University)
  • 방경숙 (서울대학교 간호대학.간호과학연구소) ;
  • 강현주 (서울대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 권미경 (가톨릭관동대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2014.05.20
  • Accepted : 2014.11.04
  • Published : 2015.01.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to explore relationships of postpartum depression with socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of preterm infants and mothers. Methods: Participants were the mothers of 80 premature infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Postpartum depression was measured using the Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Clinical characteristics were examined through the medical records. The physiological state for the infants was evaluated using the revised Neurobiologic Risk Score (NBRS). Data were analyzed using the t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: Average for EPDS was $9.75{\pm}5.06$, and 30% of the participants were at high risk for postpartum depression. There were significant differences in postpartum depression according to mother's education level (F=3.493, p=.035), economic state (F=5.828, p=.004), multiple pregnancy (t=2.141, p=.037), chorioamnionitis (t=2.349, p=.021), oligohydramnios (t=-2.226, p=.029), broncho-pulmonary dysplasia (t=2.085, p=.040), germinal matrix hemorrhage (t=2.259, p=.027), and revised NBRS (t=-2.772, p=.007). There was a significant positive correlation between postpartum depression and number of health problem of infants (r=.252, p=.024) and revised NBRS (r=.316, p=.004). Conclusion: As 30% of the mothers with preterm infants were at high risk for postpartum depression, they require attention. When providing interventions, socioeconomic status as well as the physiological state of premature infants should be considered.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of korea

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