- Volume 15 Issue 24
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Descriptive Epidemiology of Common Female Cancers in the North East India - a Hospital Based Study
- Krishnatreya, Manigreeva (Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
- Kataki, Aamal Chandra (Gyenecologic Oncology, Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
- Sharma, Jagannath Dev (Pathology, Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
- Nandy, Pintu (Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
- Talukdar, Abhijit (Surgical Oncology, Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
- Gogoi, Gayatri (Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
- Hoque, Nazmul (Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute)
- Published : 2015.01.22
Background: Cancers of the breast, uterine cervix and ovary are common cancers amongst females of North East India. Not much is known about the descriptive epidemiology of these cancers in our population. The present retrospective analysis was therefore performed. Materials and Methods: The data set available at the hospital based cancer registry of a regional cancer center of North-East India, containing information on patients registered during the period of January 2010 to December 2012, was applied. A total of 2,925 cases of breast, uterine cervix and ovarian cancer were identified. Results: Of the total, 1,295 (44.3%) were breast cancers, 1,214 (41.5%) were uterine cervix and 416 (14.2%) ovarian cancer, median age (range) for breast, uterine cervix and ovary were 45 (17-85), 48 (20-91) and 45 years (7-80), respectively. Some 43.5% of cases with uterine cervix patients were illiterate, 5.4% and 5.7% stage I in breast and cervix respectively and 96.4% of ovarian cancers in advanced stage. Conclusions: Improvement of female education can contribute to increase the proportion of early stage diagnosis of breast and uterine cervix in our population. Any population-based intervention for the detection of cancers of breast, uterine cervix and ovarian cancer should be started early in our population.
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