- Volume 15 Issue 24
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Interaction of Tobacco Smoking and Chewing with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Insertion/Deletion) Gene Polymorphisms and Risk of Lung Cancer in a High Risk Area from Northeast India
- Phukan, Rup Kumar (Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. Region (ICMR)) ;
- Borah, Prasanta Kumar (Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. Region (ICMR)) ;
- Saikia, Bhaskar Jyoti (Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. Region (ICMR)) ;
- Das, Mandakini (Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. Region (ICMR)) ;
- Sekhon, Gaganpreet Singh (Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. Region (ICMR)) ;
- Mahanta, Jagadish (Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. Region (ICMR))
- Published : 2015.01.22
Background: Association of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphisms with lung cancer susceptibility remains uncertain and varies with ethnicity. Northeast India represents a geographically, culturally, and ethnically isolated population. The area reports an especially high rate of tobacco usage in a variety of ways of consumption, compared with the rest of the Indian population. Materials and Methods: We conducted a population based case control study in two major high risk region for lung cancer from Northeast India. A total of 151 consecutive lung cancer cases diagnosed histopathologically and equal numbers of controls were recruited with record of relevant sociodemographic information. Blood samples were collected and processed to identify ACE gene polymorphism. Results: Significantly higher (40.4 % vs 29.1%, OR=1.97, CI=1.04-3.72; p=0.037) prevalence of the ACE II genotype was observed among lung cancer cases. Smoking was significantly associated with increased risk of lung cancer (OR=1.70, CI=1.02-2.81; p=0.041). An enhanced risk was also observed for interaction of ACE II genotype with tobacco smoking (OR=4.09, CI=1.51-11.05; p=0.005) and chewing (OR=3.68, CI=1.22-11.13; p=0.021). Conclusions: The present study indicates significant association s of the ACE II genotype with lung cancer in high risk Northeast India.
Supported by : Indian Council of Medical Research
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