Comparison between Labor Inputs by Quantity per Unit Method and by Actual Data Method in the Apartment Housing Construction Work - Focusing on Masonry Plaster Waterproofing Tile Labors -

공동주택 건설공사의 표준품셈과 실투입 노무량 비교 분석 - 미장, 방수, 조적, 타일공사를 중심으로 -

  • Jeon, SangHoon (Department of Architectural Engineering, Jeju National University) ;
  • Koo, Kyo-Jin (Department of Architectural Engineering, University of Seoul)
  • Received : 2014.11.29
  • Accepted : 2015.01.20
  • Published : 2015.01.31


The standard production unit system is the most basic element in our country construction. However, this standard production unit system shows a large difference in the actual amount of labor input for works at the Apartment housing construction, Therefore, it may be a reasonable alternative to estimate the cost of construction by historical cost data, works will be calculated the cost of labor must determine the exact amount and It is necessary to determine the exact amount of labor input for the construction progress management. This study examines the results of comparing the standard production unit system and the actual amount of labor counting in apartment housing construction was completed in the metropolitan area since 2000, the following results were obtained. the actual amount of labor input are looked for 1.184person/1000 of masonary, $0.084persons/m^2$ of plaster, $0.039persons/m^2$ of Waterproofing, $0.059persons/m^2$ of tile at the Apartment housing construction. in the actual amount of labor counting Compared with standard production unit system, masonry ratio of 59.8%, plaster ratio of 41.3%, waterproofing ratio of 31.5%, tile ratio of 34.3% and The labor rate in the works was the lowest in the plaster. was relatively high in the masonary. Therefore, the amount of labor country apartment housing construction is preferably calculated on historical cost data. But it seems that the amount of labor necessary complement ongoing close enough to the actual standard production unit system a major variable in construction management.

표준품셈은 우리나라 건설공사에 있어 가장 기본적인 요소이지만, 표준품셈이 공동주택 건설공사에서 실제 투입 되는 노무량과 큰 차이를 나타내고 있다. 따라서 실적공사비방식에 의해 공사비를 산정하는 것이 합리적인 대안이 될 수 있으나 원가계산서상에 각종 경비 등에는 정확한 노무량을 파악하여야 비용이 산출될 것이며 공사 진도 관리를 위해 투입 노무량을 정확히 파악할 필요가 있다. 본 연구는 2000년 이후 준공 된 수도권에서 공동주택 건설공사에서 표준품셈과 실투입 노무량을 조사하여 비교한 결과 다음과 같은 결과를 얻을 수 있었다. 실제 투입 노무량은 조적공 1.184인/천매, 미장공 0.048인/$m^2$, 방수공 0.039인/$m^2$, 타일공 0.059인/$m^2$이다. 표준품셈 대비 투입율은 보면 조적공 59.8%, 미장공41.3%, 방수공 31.5%, 타일공 34.3%이다. 방수공의 투입 비율이 가장 낮고 조적공이 비교적 높았다. 따라서 우리나라 공동주택 건설공사의 노무량은 실적공사비를 토대로한 원가계산이 바람직하지만, 공사관리에서 노무량이 주요 변수인 만큼 실제에 근접한 표준품셈을 지속적인 보완이 필요할 것으로 보인다.



Supported by : 제주대학교


  1. An, Soo-Bae. (2012). "Development of Productivity Information based on Crew for Structural Work of Apartment, Master's Thesis." The Graduate School University of Seoul, Seoul, South Korea.
  2. FMI. (1999). U. S. Construction Industry Training Report, FMI Corp.
  3. Go, Jongchul. Kim, Okkyu. Seo, sangwook, Lee, Chansik. and Kim, Munhan. (1991). "A Study on the development of the Manpower Forecasting Model in the Domestic Apartment House construction", Journal of 7 the Architectural Institute of Korea, AIK, 11(2), pp. 631-636.
  4. Ha Gee-Joo and Ha Min-Su (2010). "A Study on the Work Crew Based for the Estimation from Construction Analysis of Cement Liquid Water-proofing in Apartment House", Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, JKIB, 10(3) pp. 121-128.
  5. Jeon Sanghoon and Koo kyo-jin (2008). "Comparison of Labor Inputs from Standard Quantities per Unit and Actual Quantities in Apartment Reinforced Concrete Work", JKorean Journal of Construction Engineering and management, KICEM, 9(2), pp. 182-189.
  6. Kim, ByungSik (2009). "Analysis of ActualLabor Inputs for Productivity Measurement in Reinforced Concrete Work", Master's Thesis. The Graduate School Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea.
  7. Kim, Yeasang (1994). "Analysis of the Factors Influencing Construction Productivity" Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, AIK, 10(10), pp. 267-273.
  8. Minister Of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT)/Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology (KICT) (2014). "standard production unit system in construction".
  9. Park DW. (1994). "Amount of research by the labor process", Korea National Housing Corporation, KNHC, pp. 94-24.
  10. Park Jong-Pyo (2007). "A Compare Practical Manpower with Standard Quantity on the RC-Work of Elementary School Construction" Master's Thesis. The Graduate School of industry, Bukyung National University, Busan, South Korea.
  11. Shin DW, Lee YD, Shin YS, Kim GH, Yoo SR, and Park WJ. "Study on Improvement of Cost Calculation Method in Construction less than One Day Workload".

Cited by

  1. Digital Pen System for Inputting the Actual Amount of Labor Input at Construction Site vol.16, pp.2, 2016,
  2. Status and Improvement of Standard Estimating System for Reinforced Concrete vol.32, pp.10, 2016,
  3. Trend Analysis of Labor Input Ratios by Work Types in Apartment Housing Constructions vol.16, pp.5, 2015,