DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Assessment and Analysis of Coal Seam Gas Water Management Study for Water Resource Production 2. Prediction of Treatment Technology and Design of Co-treatment System

물 자원 생산을 위한 Coal Seam Gas Water Management Study의 평가 및 분석 2. 처리기술 예측 및 병합 시스템 설계

  • Shin, Choon-Hwan (Department of Energy & Environmental Engineering, Dongseo University)
  • 신춘환 (동서대학교 에너지환경공학과)
  • Received : 2015.10.12
  • Accepted : 2015.12.08
  • Published : 2015.12.29

Abstract

To develop various usable water from coal seam gas (CSG) water that needs to be pumped out from coal seams for methane gas production, a feasibility study was carried out, evaluating and analysing a recent report (Coal Seam Gas Water Management Policy 2012) from Queensland State Government in Australia to suggest potential CSG water treatment options for fit-for-purpose usable water production. As CSG water contains intrinsically high salinity-driven total dissolved solid (TDS), bicarbonate, aliphatic carbon, $Ca^{+2}$, $Mg^{+2}$ and so on, it was found that appropriate treatment technologies are required to reduce the hardness below 60 mg/L as $CaCO_3$ by setting the reduction rates of $Ca^{+2}$, $Mg^{+2}$ and Na+ concentrations, as well as TDS reduction. Also, Along with fiber filtration and membrane separation, an oxidation degradation process was found to be required. Along with salinity reduction, as CSG water contains organic compounds (TOC: 248 mg/L, $C_6-C_9$: <20 mg/L and $C_{10}-C_{36}$: <60 mg/L), compounds with relatively high molecular weights ($C_{10}-C_{36}$) need to be treated first. Therefore, this study suggests a combined system design with filtration (Reverse osmosis) and oxidation reduction (electrolysis) technologies, offering proper operating conditions to produce fit-for-purpose usable water from CSG water.

Keywords

CSG water management policy;CSG water;Usable water production;Combined system

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산지역녹색환경 지원센터

References

  1. Achilli, A., Prante, J. L., Hancock, N. T., Maxwell, E. B., Childress, A. E., 2014, Experimental results from RO-PRO: A next generation system for low-energy desalination, Environ. Sci. Technol., 48(11), 6437-6443. https://doi.org/10.1021/es405556s
  2. APLNG, 2013, CSG water production forecasts; Surat water production vs great artesian basin.
  3. AUS Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Queensland, 2013 , Water quality criteria for coal seam gas water.
  4. AUS Department of Natural Resource, Queensland 2013, Coal seam gas water management study.
  5. AUS Environment Protection Agency, Queensland, 2012, Coal seam gas water quality.
  6. AUS International Longwell News, 2013, QLD's CSG water policy to benefit environment.
  7. Chen, G., Chen, X., and Yue, P. L., 2002, Electrochemical behavior of novel Ti/lrO2-Sb2O5-SnO2 anode, J. Phy. Chem. B., 106, 775-788. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp013291m
  8. Chris, M., 2013, Approach to understanding and managing impacts of co-produced water, 5th annual CSG associated water conference.
  9. Galiee Energy, 2013, CSG water production forecasts;Water treatment(process option, water retention pond and evaporation).
  10. Greenlee, L. F., Lawler, D. F., Freeman, B. D., Marrot, B., Moulin, P., Reverse osmosis desalination: Water sources, technology, and today's challenges, 2009, Water Res, 43, 2317-2348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2009.03.010
  11. KOFAC, 2015, Technical report, Manufacturing of imitated real plant for the system of water reuse.
  12. Hanju Ltd. 2008, Technical catalogue.
  13. Higgins, J., Warnken, J., Teasdale, P. R., 2012, A review of water quality criteria in australian reclaimed water guidelines and sewage effluent discharge licences.
  14. Matsuura, T., 2001, Progress in membrane science and technology for seawater desalination - a review. Desalination, 134, 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0011-9164(01)00114-X
  15. Metgasco Energy, 2013, CSG water production Forecasts; Australian CSG basin.
  16. Ministry of Commerce, Industry & Energy, 2007, A policy of water industry growth.
  17. Ministry of environment, 2015, 7th international water forum.
  18. Origin Energy, 2013, CSG water production forecasts; General water treatment.
  19. Origin Energy, 2013, CSG water production forecasts; CSG water quality and comparisons.
  20. Origin Energy, 2013, CSG water production forecasts; CSG technology and process(brine treatment skid).
  21. Paul, M., Muthia, E., Bae, J. S., Victor, R., Shin, C. H., 2009, Gas adsorption measurement on coals for CO2-ECBM, 2009, Acia-Pacific coalbed methane symposium, 88-92.
  22. Paul, M., Iyer, R. S., Muthia, E., Timothy, N., 2014, An Experimental study on chracterising coal bed methane (CBM) fines production and migration of mineral matter in coal bed, Energy and Fuels, in print.
  23. Pendergast, M. T. M., Hoek, E. M. V., 2011, A review of water treatment membrane nanotechnologies. Energ. Environ. Sci., 4, 1946-1971. https://doi.org/10.1039/c0ee00541j
  24. Randol, C., 2013, Managing the impacts of CSG water extraction in the surat basin, 5th annual CSG associated water conference.
  25. Saito, K., Irie, M., Zaitsu, S., Sakai, H., Hayashi, H., Tanioka, A., 2012, Power generation with salinity gradient by pressure retarded osmosis using concentrated brine from SWRO system and treated sewage as pure water, Desali. water treat., 41(1-3), 114-121. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2012.664696
  26. Shannon, M. A., Bohn, P. W., Elimelech, M., Georgiadis, J. G., Marinnas, B. J., Mayes, A. M., 2008, Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature, 452, 301-310. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06599
  27. Shin, C. H., Bae, J. S., 2012, A stability study of an advanced co-treatment system for dye wastewater reuse, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 20(6), 775-779.
  28. Shin, C. H., Bae, J. S., Victor, R., 2014, Co-treatment systems combined with unit processes for dye wastewater recycling, J. Ind. Ind. Chem., 20(1), 710-716.
  29. Shin, C. H., 2012, Automatic addition control of the external carbon source by the measurement of ORP in biological nitrogen removal process, J. Kor. Environ. Sci., 21(3), 383-390.
  30. Shin, C. H., Kang, D. H., Park, H. S., Cho, H. K., 2010, Initial operating condition of membrane bioreactor with PVDF hollow fiber and permeate reuse, J. Clean Tech., 16(1), 39-45.
  31. Reynolds, T. D., Unit operation and processes in environmental engineering, Texas A&M press, 257-280.
  32. Shin, C. H., 2009, Effect of indirect oxidation on the system design for the reuse of sewage and wastewater, J. Clean Tech.,15(2) 112-119.
  33. Shin, C. H., 2014, Assessment and analysis of coal seam gas water management study for water resource production. 1. water production, J. Kor. Environ. Sci., 23(8), 1395-1407.
  34. Snoeyink, Vernon, 1992, Water chemistry, John Wiely & Sons Inc., 71-80.
  35. Sseng corporation, 2012, Technical report, Development of 2-stage fiber filtration process for the reuse of sewage.

Cited by

  1. Usable water production from coal seam gas water with a combination of pore control fiber filtration and reverse osmosis vol.23, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2017.159