An in silico Appraisal to Identify High Affinity Anti-Apoptotic Synthetic Tetrapeptide Inhibitors Targeting the Mammalian Caspase 3 Enzyme

  • Kelotra, Seema (M.B Khalsa College) ;
  • Jain, Meeta (School of Biochemistry, Devi Ahilya University, Takshashila Campus) ;
  • Kelotra, Ankit (School of Biochemistry, Devi Ahilya University, Takshashila Campus) ;
  • Jain, Ish (In silico Research Laboratory, Eminent Biosciences) ;
  • Bandaru, Srinivas (Institute of Genetics and Hospital for Genetic Diseases, Osmania University) ;
  • Nayarisseri, Anuraj (In silico Research Laboratory, Eminent Biosciences) ;
  • Bidwai, Anil (Index medical College)
  • Published : 2015.01.06


Apoptosis is a general phenomenon of all multicellular organisms and caspases form a group of important proteins central to suicide of cells. Pathologies like cancer, Myocardial infarction, Stroke, Sepsis, Alzheimer's, Psoriasis, Parkinson and Huntington diseases are often associated with change in caspase 3 mediated apoptosis and therefore, caspases may serve as potential inhibitory targets for drug development. In the present study, two series of synthetic acetylated tetrapeptides containing aldehyde and fluromethyl keto groups respectively at the C terminus were proposed. All these compounds were evaluated for binding affinity against caspase 3 structure. In series 1 compound Ac-DEHD-CHO demonstrated appreciable and high binding affinity (Rerank Score: -138.899) against caspase 3. While in series 2 it was Ac-WEVD-FMK which showed higher binding affinity (Rerank Score: -139.317). Further these two compounds met ADMET properties and demonstrated to be non-toxic.



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