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Innovations in HPV Vaccination and Roles of Nurses in Cervical Cancer Prevention

  • Yildirim, Julide Gulizar (Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ege University) ;
  • Arabaci, Zeynep (Department of Home Care Ventilatory, Kastamonu University)
  • Published : 2015.01.06

Abstract

The human papilloma virus (HPV) is the main aetiological agent for cervical cancer, one of the most frequent cancers observed in women throughout the world. There are effective programs for reducing the incidence of cervical cancer with HPV vaccination. The objective of this study was to discuss the applicability of the HPV vaccination and the role of nurses in prevention of cervical cancer. Use of bivalent and quadrivalent vaccines has been initiated against the types of HPV which are the primary cause of cancer. The quadrivalent HPV vaccination has entered into the routine vaccination schedule in many European countries for use in children and adolescents between 9-15 years of age and for women between 16-26 years of age, whereas it has been proposed that the bivalent vaccination should be given to girls between 9-18 years of age. While cervical cancer is among the cancers that can be prevented, it is essential to continue screening tests while introducing vaccination in a systematic manner for protection. On this subject, among the most important roles of nurses is to implement the screening programs by fulfilling the caregiving, training and consultancy roles for the society and especially, for high risk groups and to increase the awareness of the people.

Keywords

HPV vaccines;uterine cervical cancer;screening;nurse's roles;awareness

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