Headway Calculation and Train Control Algorithm for Performance Improvement in Radio based Train Control System

무선통신기반 열차제어시스템에서의 운전시격 계산과 간격제어 성능개선을 위한 열차간격제어 알고리즘

  • 오세찬 (한국철도기술연구원 광역도시철도시스템 연구실) ;
  • 김경희 (한국철도기술연구원 광역도시철도시스템 연구실) ;
  • 이성훈 (포스코 ICT R&D 센터) ;
  • 김자영 (포스코 ICT R&D 센터) ;
  • 전종화 (포스코 ICT R&D 센터)
  • Received : 2015.09.21
  • Accepted : 2015.10.08
  • Published : 2015.10.31


Radio based train control system performs train safe interval control by receiving in realtime the position information of trains driving in the control area of the wayside system and providing onboard system in each train with updated movement authority. The performance of the train control system is evaluated to calculate the minimum operation headway, which reflects the operation characteristics and the characteristics of the train as well as the interval control performance of the train control system. In this paper, we propose the operation headway calculation for radio based train control system and a new train interval control algorithm to improve the operation headway. The proposed headway calculation defines line headway and station headway by the estimation the safety margin distance reflecting the performance of the train control system. Furthermore the proposed Enhanced Train Interval Control(ETIC) algorithm defines a new movement authority including both distance and speed, and improves the train operation headway by using braking distance occurring inevitably in the preceding train. The proposed operation headway calculation is simulated with Korean Radio-based Train Control System(KRTCS) and the simulated result is compared to improved train interval control algorithm. According to the simulated results, the proposed operation headway calculation can be used as performance indicator for radio based train control system, and the improved train control algorithm can improve the line and station headway of the conventional radio based train control system.


Supported by : 한국철도기술연구원


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