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A Longitudinal Exploratory Study on Change Research Trends and Patterns of Children's Problem Behaviors for Their Temperament and Parenting Behaviors -Focured on the Category and Content Analysis of Chronological Problem Behaviors from 1970 to 2015-

유아의 기질과 부모의 양육 행동 관련 유아의 문제행동 변화 연구 추이 및 유형에 대한 종단적 탐색 연구 -1970~2015년까지의 연대별 문제행동 범주와 내용분석을 중심으로-

  • 김정겸 (충남대학교 교육학과) ;
  • 강영식 (충남대학교 교육학과 교육대학원 유아교육전공)
  • Received : 2015.08.10
  • Accepted : 2015.10.08
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

This study is intended to look for implications through longitudinal exploratory research on the change of children's problem behaviors for their temperament and parenting behaviors. The results are as follows. The factors influencing children's problem behaviors rose to 62 factors between 1990 and 2000, and 93 factors between 2000 and 2010 from total 41 factors between 1970 and 1990, which they were more than doubled after the 2000s compared with the earlier studies, subdividing children's problem behaviors. The proportion of the factors influencing children's problem behaviors showed that parents' moral thinking had the highest, and their negative thinking or emotion for children were higher than their moral thinking, which their problem behaviors were more greatly affected by parenting attitudes toward them than their own temperament or attitudes. The earlier studies were more likely to find the cause of children's problem behaviors for looking into the factors and causes influencing children's problem behaviors in terms of children's personal mental health, but there was more proportion of social environment, peer and teacher relationship while soaring family, relationship, home environment and child care center environment factors as well as children's personal factors after the 2000s. Consequently, the alternative resources or the environments of the times should be applied in other ways.

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