An Influence of Adolescent's Self-Esteem and Environmental Characteristics on Life Satisfaction : Moderating Effect of Positive Self-Evaluation and Negative Self-Evaluation

청소년의 자아존중감과 환경특성이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향 : 긍정적 자아평가와 부정적 자아평가의 조절효과

  • Lee, Jongseok (School of Business Administration, Hallym University) ;
  • Jung, Deuk (School of Business Administration, Hallym University)
  • 이종석 (한림대학교 경영학부, 한림경영연구소) ;
  • 정득 (한림대학교 경영학부, 한림경영연구소)
  • Received : 2015.08.03
  • Accepted : 2015.10.08
  • Published : 2015.10.31


This study analyzes the moderating effects of the self-esteem on the life satisfaction of 2,040 middle school senior students using the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey 2012 Data (KCYPS 2012) provided by the National Youth Policy Institute. The path analysis of how environmental characteristics, such as parents, friends, and school, affect life satisfaction, is based on four groups of self-esteem, categorized by positive and negative self-evaluation levels. The analysis suggests that groups with higher levels of positive self-evaluation have closer relevance in more paths than other groups. Furthermore, in groups with higher levels of negative self-evaluation, negative effects on life satisfaction are offset by positive self-evaluation. These results suggest research associated with the mental health of adolescents and their self-esteem should be performed according to two separate levels of self-esteem: positive self-evaluation and negative self-evaluation. Since low levels of negative self-evaluation doesn't necessarily guarantee high levels of positive self-evaluation, counseling for adolescents needs to have different tracks, addressing positive and negative self-evaluation levels.


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