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집단 미술치료가 피학대 아동의 우울 및 불안, 자기상에 미치는 영향 -아동학과 미술치료학의 융복합적관점

An effect of the group art-therapy on abused children's depression, anxiety, self image -Children's Art Therapy Department of complex convergence perspective

  • 이숙민 (원광대학교 보건보완대학원) ;
  • 송순 (원광대학교 가정아동복지학과)
  • Lee, Sug-Min (Wonkwang university Graduate School of Health and Complementary Medicine) ;
  • Song, Soon (Wonkwang university Department of Family and Child welfare)
  • 투고 : 2015.10.27
  • 심사 : 2015.12.20
  • 발행 : 2015.12.28

초록

본 연구는 피학대 아동을 위한 중재방법으로 미술치료를 실시하였으며 미술치료전문가와 아동학전문가가 공동으로 참여하여 미술활동이 아동 행동에 미치는 영향을 파악하고자 하는 목적에서 시도되었다. 연구대상자는 00시 00그룹 홈 초등학생 4명으로 2013년 9월부터 2014년 8월까지 주 1회 60분간 48회기 적용하였다. 미술치료효과를 분석하기 위해 연구자들은 매 회기마다 치료적 목표와 함께 대상자들의 정서적 반응과 태도 행동들을 기록하였고 행동변화에 대한 타당도검증을 위해 CDI, TAIC, SAIC, 자아상척도 검사를 실시하였다. 척도는 사전측정(2013년 9월)과 사후측정(2014년8월)하였다. 척도의 신뢰도검사를 위해 SPSS 21.0프로그램을 사용하였다. 연구문제에 대한 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 학대받은 아동들은 작품에서 그들의 정서상태를 표현했고 행동이 변화하였고 친구관계가 향상되었다. 둘째, CDI, STAIC(TAIC, SAIC)서 우울과 불안에 대한 사후검사결과가 사전 검사결과보다 낮았다. 셋째, 자아상 검사결과 사후검사결과가 사전검사결과보다 높았다. 즉 아동들은 충동적 행동이 감소했고 가족, 친구들과 우호적 관계를 유지하였다. 위탁양육자는 아동들을 잘 이해할 수 있었고 그래서 양육의 어려움이 감소하였다.

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