Research of sustainable Social-Economy Business Model Development utilizing Internal Resource -Case study of Incheon International Airport Corporation-

내부자원을 활용한 지속가능한 사회적경제 비즈니스모델 개발 연구 -인천국제공항공사 사례 중심으로-

  • Received : 2015.10.26
  • Accepted : 2015.12.20
  • Published : 2015.12.28


Many domestic companies have connections with social enterprise as one of the corporate social responsibility. However, majority of those connections are typically occasional, one-time donation. Therefore, current study focused on how to develop/nurture sustainable business model of social economy, which utilizes the companies' internal resources enabling communities to actually feel the impact. Literature survey for 25 reports and 123 business models for the past 5 years was performed and analyzed in terms of social-economy business models and job creation. It was found that the success factors of the job creation are: internal resources analysis, business model development, and support activities for execution (probono). Based upon the findings, DIDOV (Define-Identify-Design-Optimize-Verify) methodology was used to understand the effects of government policies and technological environment. As an exemplary case, Incheon International airport Corporation was selected and investigated for internal resources and related business models. Finally, 9 social-economy business models are derived for Incheon International airport Corporation in relation to the airport services offered.


Job Creation;Internal Resource;Social Economy;Business Model;Social-Economy Business Model


  1. Jin-Su Yoon, Sang-A Ahn. Support Status of domestic enterprises for the social enterprise activation, CGS Institute, 2012
  2. Defourny, Jacques & Patrick Develtere. The Social Economy: The Worldwide Making of Third Sector, in Defourny, Jacques, Patrick Develtere, & Benedicte Fonteneau(Eds.), Social Economy: North and South. Centre D'economie Sociale, Universite de Liege, pp. 17-47. 2000
  3. Defourny, Jacques. From Third Sector to Social Enterprise, in Borzaga, C. and Defourny, Jacques(Eds), The Emergence of Social Enterprise, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 1-28. 2001
  4. Won-Bong Jang. Alternative conceptualization of the social economy : Issues and Challenges. Civil society and NGO, Vol 5, No. 2: pp. 5-34. 2007
  5. Jong-Heon Chae, Jun-Kyu Choi. A Study on the Role of Social Economy for Activation of Local Community, National Association Korean Local Government Studies, p197, 2012
  6. Korea Mine Reclamation Corporation. A study of job creation and independence in mine regional through social economy enterprise, pp. viii, 2014
  7. A, Osterwalder, I. Peigner, translated by Hyo -Sang Ryu, The birth of the business model, Timebe, 2011
  8. Morris, M., Schindehutte, M., and J. Allen, "The entrepreneur's business model: Toward a unified perspective," Journal of Business Research, 58, pp. 726-735. 2005
  9. Casadesus-Masanell, R. and J. E. Ricart. "From strategy to business models and to tactics," Long Range Planning, 43, pp.195-215. 2010
  10. Dong-Heon Yang. A Study on the Business Model Consulting Methodology in the Perspective of Innovation, Competition and Problem Solving Utilizing AHP/DEA, Hansung University, 2014
  11. Dong-Heon Yang, Jong-Bong Byun, Yeon-Woo Ryu. A Comparative Study on Innovation Tools for the Development of Business Models by the Types of Convergence, Journal of digital Convergence, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 141-152. 2012a
  12. Jun_Young Ra, Social enterprise business model, pp.25-26, 2010
  13. Lunau, S. Ed., Design for Six Sigma Lean Toolset, Berlin: Springer .2009
  14. Ki-Uk Sung, Jae-sung Ryu, Bong-Sun Kim, New Business Model Development Using 6 Sigma Methodology, Korean Safety management & Science, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 237-247, 2010
  15. In-Keuk Hwang, Jin-Ho Kim, Yong-Bok Park. Innovation Strategy for Shortening The Lead Time of The New Product Development Using 6 Sigma, Korea Academia -Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp.224-230, 2006
  16. Dae-Il Nam, Ju-Hee Lim, Hyun-Ju Ahn, Ji-Hye Jung, Kye-Won Lee. 101 kinds of business models for start-up to success story, Hansmedia, 2015