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마이크로크레딧 이용자의 창업요인 및 자기효능감이 사업체의 경제적 성과에 미치는 영향

A Study on the Influence of Start-up Factors and Self-efficacy on Economic Performance of Microenterprise

  • 임은의 (극동대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Yim, Eun-Eui (Dept. of Social Welfare of Far East University)
  • 투고 : 2015.10.20
  • 심사 : 2015.12.20
  • 발행 : 2015.12.28

초록

본 연구는 마이크로크레딧 이용자의 창업요인과 자기효능감이 사업체의 경제적 성과에 영향을 미치는지를 살펴보는데 있다. 기존의 연구가 창업요인에 중점을 두었던 것에 반해, 본 연구는 이용자의 사회심리적 요인인 자기 효능감을 포함시키고, 사업체의 경제적 성과를 수익과 고용인원으로 나누어 세밀히 파악하는데 그 의의가 있다. 본 연구를 위해 2곳의 마이크로크레딧 기관의 이용자를 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하여 회수된 322부를 분석 자료로 삼았다. 분석 결과, 사업체 수익에는 창업업종, 창업경험, 운영기간, 창업자금, 자기효능감이, 사업체 고용인원에는 창업 업종, 창업자금, 자기효능감, 교육이 유의미한 영향을 미친 것으로 확인되었다. 이러한 결과를 통해 소득증대와 고용 창출을 위해 마이크로크레딧은 무엇을 중요하게 고려해야 하는 지를 파악하였으며, 특히 자기효능감의 중요성을 인식할 수 있었다. 끝으로 이러한 연구 결과에 기초하여 마이크로크레딧 성과를 제고하기 위한 정책적, 실천적 제안에 대해 논의하였다.

키워드

마이크로크레딧 이용자;창업요인;사회심리적 요인;자기효능감;사업체 수익;고용창출

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