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Comparison of Production Performance and Egg Quality Characteristics of Five Strains of Korean Native Chickens

  • Wickramasuriya, Samiru Sudharaka (Dept. of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yi, Young-Joo (Division of Biotechnology, College of Environmental and Bio Resource Sciences, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Yoo, Jaehong (Dept. of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Nu Ri (Dept. of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kang, Nam Kyu (Dept. of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Shin, Taeg Kyun (Dept. of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Jung, Samooel (Dept. of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kang, Bo-Seok (Poultry Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Oh, Ki-Seok (Hanhyup Breeder Inc.) ;
  • Heo, Jung Min (Dept. of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2015.11.03
  • Accepted : 2015.12.11
  • Published : 2015.12.31

Abstract

The production performance and egg quality traits among five strains of Korean native chickens (KNC) were evaluated in conventional cages. A total of 240 KNC were housed in a controlled environment. Each strain had 12 replicates with 4 chickens per cage. Feed intake, body weights, egg production and egg quality were measured at 24, 28 and 32 of weeks. Egg quality parameters were analyzed using 150 eggs. Results indicated significant (P<0.05) difference in average body weights, egg production and egg weight among five strains of KNC. In contrast, KNC strains effect was non-significant (P>0.05) for feed efficiency. The difference among those KNC strains on egg shell color, egg shell strength and egg shell density were not different (P>0.05) at the age of week 24 while it was significant (P<0.05) at the age of week 28 and 32. There was no effect (P>0.05) on egg length and egg shape index from five strains of KNC. The significant difference (P<0.05) was observed in egg width with KNC strains during early ages (week 24 and 28) and it was not significant (P>0.05) at the age of 32 weeks. Regarding internal quality parameters, albumen height and Haugh unit were significantly (P<0.05) affected with KNC strains while the effect on yolk color was not significant (P>0.05). Based on the egg weight and the production performance, GS-10 KNC strain was superior when compared with the other strains.

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