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Self-efficacy, self-image, and image as a dental hygienist of the dental hygiene student

치위생과 학생의 자아효능감, 자아상, 치과위생사의 이미지

  • Park, Sung-Suk (Department of Dental Hygiene, Daegu Science University) ;
  • Jang, Gye-Won (Department of Dental Hygiene, Jinju Health University) ;
  • Seo, Eun-Ju (Department of Dental Hygiene, Jinju Health University)
  • 박성숙 (대구과학대학교 치위생과) ;
  • 장계원 (진주보건대학교 치위생과) ;
  • 서은주 (진주보건대학교 치위생과)
  • Received : 2015.04.20
  • Accepted : 2015.12.18
  • Published : 2015.12.30

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate self-efficacy, self-image, and image as a dental hygienist of the dental hygiene student. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 479 dental hygiene students in Daegu and Gyeongnam from November 5 to 25, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of self-efficacy(18 items), self-image(23 items), and image as a dental hygienist(36 items) by Likert 5 points scale. Data were analyzed by t test, ANOVA, regression analysis, and post hoc Tukey test using SPSS 20.0 program. Results: The self-efficacy of the first, second, and third grade was 2.72, 2.71, and 2.60, respectively(p<0.002). Those living with family tended to have higher mark than those living without family(p<0.001). The influence of self-efficacy on self image and image as a dental hygienist was positively correlated(p<0.001). Conclusions: The right self-image and self-efficacy of the dental hygiene students can be a powerful influence on the image as a dental hygienist. It is necessary to develop and implement the ethics education for the dental hygiene students.

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