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The Relationship among Questions Level, Questions Process, and Hesitation Factor of Questions of University Students

대학생의 질문수준, 질문과정 및 질문저해요인

  • Received : 2015.09.24
  • Accepted : 2015.10.21
  • Published : 2015.12.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify the relations among questions level, questions process, and hesitation factor of questions. Data were collected from 174 students at a university in D city using structured questionnaire from September 9 to April 10 2015. It was analyzed with frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and correlation analysis. As a result, the learners' questions are made from cognitive confusion, these questions led the students to ask a question actually. Also, this study confirmed that the learners' internal hesitation factors had negative correlation when the students asked a question in real situation. In order to improve the asking question we'll need to be generating a lot of questions to the student's inside and outside. We also need to develop appropriate teaching methods so that this can be perceived connection of cognitive confusion-having questions-asking questions.

본 연구의 목적은 대학생의 학습자 생성 질문수준, 질문과정 및 질문저해요인 간 관계를 파악하기 위함이다. 연구 대상자는 2015년 9월 9일부터 10일까지 D시에 소재하는 일개대학의 대학생을 편의추출 하였으며, 174명을 대상으로 하였다. 자료는 SPSS WIN 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 빈도, 백분율, 평균 및 표준편차, t-test, ANOVA, Correlation analysis를 분석하였다. 대상자는 개인의 다양한 수준들을 통하여 질문을 생성하게 되면서도 인지적 혼란을 통한 질문생성은 실제질문과 관련함을 알 수 있다. 또한 질문저해요인의 내적요인은 실제질문과 음의 상관관계를 보인다. 즉 대학생의 질문이 잘 표출되기 위해서는 학습자의 질문을 주저하는 외적요인 뿐만 아니라 내적요인을 감소하기 위하여 고민이 필요할 것이다. 또한, 인지적 혼란-질문생성-실제질문의 연계성을 인식하여 교수 개인 차원의 효율적인 교과목 운영이 이루어져야 할 것으로 생각된다.

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