External Gravity Field in the Korean Peninsula Area

한반도 지역에서의 상층중력장

  • Jung, Ae Young (Department of Earth-Science Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Choi, Kwang-Sun (Department of Earth-Science Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Young-Cheol (Department of Earth-Science Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Jung Mo (School of Earth System Sciences, Kyungpoook National University)
  • 정애영 (부산대학교 지구과학교육과) ;
  • 최광선 (부산대학교 지구과학교육과) ;
  • 이영철 (부산대학교 지구과학교육과) ;
  • 이정모 (경북대학교 지구시스템과학부)
  • Received : 2015.11.17
  • Accepted : 2015.12.21
  • Published : 2015.12.28


The free-air anomalies are computed using a data set from various types of gravity measurements in the Korean Peninsula area. The gravity values extracted from the Earth Gravitational Model 2008 are used in the surrounding region. The upward continuation technique suggested by Dragomir is used in the computation of the external free-air anomalies at various altitudes. The integration radius 10 times the altitude is used in order to keep the accuracy of results and computational resources. The direct geodesic formula developed by Bowring is employed in integration. At the 1-km altitude, the free-air anomalies vary from -41.315 to 189.327 mgal with the standard deviation of 22.612 mgal. At the 3-km altitude, they vary from -36.478 to 156.209 mgal with the standard deviation of 20.641 mgal. At the 1,000-km altitude, they vary from 3.170 to 5.864 mgal with the standard deviation of 0.670 mgal. The predicted free-air anomalies at 3-km altitude are compared to the published free-air anomalies reduced from the airborne gravity measurements at the same altitude. The rms difference is 3.88 mgal. Considering the reported 2.21-mgal airborne gravity cross-over accuracy, this rms difference is not serious. Possible causes in the difference appear to be external free-air anomaly simulation errors in this work and/or the gravity reduction errors of the other. The external gravity field is predicted by adding the external free-air anomaly to the normal gravity computed using the closed form formula for the gravity above and below the surface of the ellipsoid. The predicted external gravity field in this work is expected to reasonably present the real external gravity field. This work seems to be the first structured research on the external free-air anomaly in the Korean Peninsula area, and the external gravity field can be used to improve the accuracy of the inertial navigation system.


external free-air gravity anomaly;external gravity field;upward continuation;inertial navigation system;gravity anomaly


Supported by : 한국기상산업진흥원, 경북대학교


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