Optimal Incorporation Level of Dietary Alternative Phosphate (MgHPO4) and Requirement for Phosphorus in Juvenile Far Eastern Catfish (Silurus asotus)

  • Yoon, Tae-Hyun (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Hoon (Gyeonggi Province Maritime and Fisheries Research Institute) ;
  • Won, Seung-Gun (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Ra, Chang-Six (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Dae (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2014.05.20
  • Accepted : 2014.08.14
  • Published : 2015.01.01


A growth trial was conducted to determine the optimal incorporation level of dietary magnesium hydrogen phosphate (MHP, $MgHPO_4$), which was manufactured from swine manure and phosphorus (P), required by juvenile far eastern catfish (Silurus asotus). Graded MHP of 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, and 2.0%, and 2.0% monocalcium phosphate (MCP) each was added to the basal diet (control) in lieu of cellulose to become the range of available P (AP) from 0.4% to 0.8% of which diets were designated as control, MHP0.5, MHP1.0, MHP1.5, MHP2.0, and MCP, respectively. Control diet contained fish meal (20%), soybean meal (40%), wheat flour (27%), corn gluten meal (5%), fish oil (2%) and soy oil (2%) as main ingredients. Following a 24 h fasting, 540 fish with a mean body weight of 11.8 g were randomly allotted to 6 groups in triplicate, whereby 18 tanks ($0.4{\times}0.6{\times}0.36cm$, water volume of 66 L) were prepared. The feeding experiment lasted for 8 weeks. Fish group fed the control diet showed the lowest weight gain (WG) and feed efficiency (FE) among treatments. The WG was, however, not significantly different (p>0.05) from that of fish group fed MHP0.5. Fish group fed MHP2.0 showed the highest WG and FE of which values were not significantly different from those of fish groups fed diets MHP1.0 and MHP1.5 as well as MCP (p>0.05) except fish groups fed control and MHP0.5. Aspartate aminotransferase was significantly decreased with an increase in available P, while alanine aminotransferase did not show a significant difference among treatment. The highest inorganic P in plasma was observed in fish fed MHP2.0. From the present results, a second-order regression analysis revealed that the optimal dietary MHP level and the AP requirement were found to be 1.62% and 0.7%, respectively.


Supported by : Kangwon National University


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