DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Production of Phytoncide from Korean Pine Cone Waste by Steam Distillation

잣송이 부산물로부터 수증기 증류법에 의한 피톤치드의 추출

  • Kim, Bae yong (Department of Chemical Engineering, Dankook University) ;
  • Lee, Chul-Tae (Department of Chemical Engineering, Dankook University)
  • Received : 2015.05.19
  • Accepted : 2015.11.11
  • Published : 2015.12.10

Abstract

Extraction of phytoncide oil from korea pine cone waste without damaging the pine cone tree itself was investigated using a steam distillation method. Also various components in the extracted phytoncide oil were separated using a column chromatography method. The extraction of phytoncide oil was effectively proceeded, and the maximum production yield of phytoncide oil could be obtained under $100^{\circ}C$ of distillation temperature and within 30 minute of distillation time. According to chemical analysis, it was found that the phytoncide oil from korea pine cone waste was consisted of more than 12 components such as ${\alpha}$-pinene, ${\beta}$-pinene, D-limonene, as main components. In addition, the aqueous hydrogel containing other components such as verbenone, ${\alpha}$-terpinieol, fenchol, different from components of phytoncide oil itself could be obtained through the steam distillation.

Keywords

phytoncide;extraction;pine tree;pine cone waste;steam distillation

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 단국대학교

References

  1. J. K. Yang and B. K. Kang, Efficient extraction methods and analysis of essential oil from softwood leaves, Korean J. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 17(4), 357-364 (2002).
  2. J. Y. Ahn, S. S. Lee, and H. Y. Kang, Biological activities of essential oil from Chamaecyparis obtusa, J. Korean Soc. Cosmet. Sci., 30(4), 503-507 (2004).
  3. O. Ekyundyo, Monoterepene composition of the needle oils of Pinus species, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 16, 294-295 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/16.7.294
  4. K. S. Choi, Flavor components of the needle oils from Pinus rigida mill and Pinus densiflora Sieb & Zncc, Korean J. Food Sci. Technol., 20, 769-773 (1988).
  5. W. T. Hong, G. M. Go, J. G. Lee, H. J. Jang, and J. J. Kwag, Volatile compounds of pine needle extracts, J. Korean Soc. Tob. Sci., 24(1), 53-59 (2002).
  6. G. S. Shim and W. Y. Ahn, Domestic production and utilization of oleoresin (II): Seasonal variation of monoterpene composition in needles of Korean white pine, J. Kor. For. Energy, 9(2), 35-48 (1989).
  7. S. J. Jang, Y. H. Kim, M. G. Kim, G. H. Kim, and S. Y. Yun, Essential oil composition from leaves, flowers, stems, and fruits of Vitex rotundifolia L. fil., J. Korean Soc. Agric. Chem. Biotechnol., 45(2), 101-107 (2002).
  8. B. H. Hwang, J. H. Jo, S. S. Ham, and H. Y. Kang, Chemical analysis of pinus leaves, J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 29(1), 6-9 (2000).
  9. F. J. Wen, Study on the Analysis of Physicochemical Characteristics of Essential Oil and the Application to the Deodorants, PhD Dissertation, Kwangwoon University, Seoul, Korea (2006).
  10. H. G. Jung, J. G. Bang, N. S. Sung, and S. M. Kim, Review of functional volatile components in essential oil of medicinal and aromatic plants, Korean J. Crop Sci., 48(S), 41-48 (2003).
  11. B. S. Jo, The Screening of Biological Activity from Pinus koraiensis Siebold et Zucc. Leaf and Development to Functionality Product, MA Dissertation, Kyungpook National University, Sangju, Korea (2012).
  12. S. J. Ok and B. H. Hwang, Terpenoid analysis of the main softwoods essential oil: Comparision of terpenoid components in season, J. Korean Soc. For. Energy Res., 10, 84-96 (1990).
  13. D. Y. Yu, A Study of Anti-oxidation Effect and Anti-bacterial Activation of Pinus koraiensis Extract, MA Dissertation, Kyonggi Unversity, Seoul, Korea (2010).
  14. H. J. Song, Metabolic Profiling of Terpenoids and its Antifungal and Insecticidal Activity of Thuja occidentalis L. MA Dissertation, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea (2011).
  15. N. Kurita, M. Miyaji, R. Kurane, and Y. Takahara, Antifungal activity of components of essential oils, Agric. Biol. Chem., 45(4), 945-952 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.45.945
  16. D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda, and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile component of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicym, Inter. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1605(98)00099-3
  17. K. Cimanga, K. Kambu, L. Tona, S. Apers, T. De Bruyne, N. Hermans, J. Totte, L. Pieters, and A. J. Vlietinck, Correlation between chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants growing in the Democratic Republic of Congo, J. Ethnopharmacol., 79, 213-220 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(01)00384-1
  18. S. S. Lee, H. Y. Kang, and I. G. Choi, Studies on biological activities of woody essential oils (1), Mokchae Konghak, 30(1), 48-55 (2002).
  19. J. A. Morris, A. Khettry, and E. W. Seitz, Antimicrobial activity of aroma chemicals and essential oils, J. Amer. Oil. Chem. Soc., 56, 595-603 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02660245

Cited by

  1. Improved Antibacterial Effect of Blending Essential Oils vol.49, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.15324/kjcls.2017.49.3.256