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Effects of extrusion of rice bran on performance and phosphorous bioavailability in broiler chickens

  • Zare-Sheibani, Ali Akbar (Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University) ;
  • Arab, Masoud (Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University) ;
  • Zamiri, Mohammad Javad (Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University) ;
  • Rezvani, Mohammad Reza (Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University) ;
  • Dadpasand, Mohammad (Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University) ;
  • Ahmadi, Farhad (Golpooneh Safahan Co.)
  • Received : 2015.03.30
  • Accepted : 2015.06.17
  • Published : 2015.07.31

Abstract

Background: Rice bran is a by-product of the rice-milling process, which remains largely underutilized; however, efficient processing treatments may improve its feeding value for chickens. This is of great economic and environmental importance, as this can lower the production costs, and offer an opportunity for valorization of a low-quality agricultural by-product, to a high-value feed source. Methods: This experiment was conducted to study the effect of extruded rice bran on performance and phosphorous (P) bioavailability in broiler chickens. In a completely randomized design, 200 seven-day-old broilers (Cobb 500) were allotted to five treatments with five replicates per treatment and 8 chicks per replicate, and fed with their respective diet during the starter (8 to 21 days) and grower (22 to 42 days) periods. Diets were a basal corn-soybean based diet (T1), or diets containing 20 % rice bran (T2), 30 % rice bran (T3), 20 % extruded rice bran (T4), or 30 % extruded rice bran (T5). Results: Birds feeding on T4 and T5 diets had a higher body weight gain and lower feed-to-gain ratio compared to those feeding on T2 and T3 diets (p < 0.05). Birds receiving diets containing extruded rice bran had higher total P availability and tibia ash content, as compared with those receiving diets containing un-extruded rice bran (p < 0.05). Relative weight of the pancreas was higher in birds receiving T2 and T3 diets. Conclusions: The results confirmed the beneficial effect of extrusion treatment of rice bran on performance and P availability in broilers. Up to 30 % extruded rice bran may be included in the broiler diet without apparent adverse effects on the performance.

Keywords

Rice bran;Extrusion;P availability;Performance;Broiler chicken

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