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Multifarious activities of cellulose degrading bacteria from Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) faeces

  • Singh, Surender (Division of Microbiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute) ;
  • Thavamani, Palanisami (University of Newcastle) ;
  • Megharaj, Mallavarapu (University of Newcastle) ;
  • Naidu, Ravi (University of Newcastle)
  • Received : 2014.09.30
  • Accepted : 2015.05.25
  • Published : 2015.07.31

Abstract

Cellulose degrading bacteria from koala faeces were isolated using caboxymethylcellulose-Congo red agar, screened in vitro for different hydrolytic enzyme activities and phylogenetically characterized using molecular tools. Bacillus sp. and Pseudomonas sp. were the most prominent bacteria from koala faeces. The isolates demonstrated good xylanase, amylase, lipase, protease, tannase and lignin peroxidase activities apart from endoglucanase activity. Furthermore many isolates grew in the presence of phenanthrene, indicating their probable application for bioremediation. Potential isolates can be exploited further for industrial enzyme production or in bioremediation of contaminated sites.

Keywords

Koala;cellulase;enzymes;biofuel;phenanthrene

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