Organizational Justice as the Antecedent of Career Satisfaction: Building a Conceptual Model from an Integrative Literature Review

경력만족의 선행변인으로서의 조직공정성: 통합적 문헌연구를 통한 개념적 모델 도출

  • 오정록 (우송대학교 글로벌서비스경영학부)
  • Received : 2014.08.14
  • Accepted : 2014.11.04
  • Published : 2014.11.28


The purpose of this study was to explore organizational justice (distributive, procedural, and interactional justice) as the antecedent of and career satisfaction by conducting an integrative literature review. In addition, this study aimed to identify organizational support for career development (i.e., organizational sponsorship) as the potential mediating variable between organizational justice and career satisfaction. Based on an integrative literature review of previous research, this study proposed the conceptual model on the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction along with organizational support for career development. According to the conceptual model, organizational justice can add to the pool of important antecedents of career satisfaction, and organizational support for career development could mediate the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction. This study contributed to the human resource development (HRD) field through investigating the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction in a career development context in the workplace. Further, this study provided additional theoretical backgrounds to conduct organizational justice related research on diverse factors, such as potential mediating variables, influencing career satisfaction.


  1. T. A. Judge, C. A. Higgins, C. J. Thoresen, and M. R. Barrick, "The big five personality traits, general mental ability, and career success across the life span," Personnel Psychology, Vol.52, pp.621-651, 1999.
  2. S. Gilliland and D. Steiner, "Causes and consequences of applicant perceptions of unfairness," In R. Cropanzano (Ed.), Justice in the workplace: From theory to practice, London, UK: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001.
  3. U. Gattiker and L. Larwood, "Predictors for manager's career mobility, success and satisfaction," Human Relations, Vol.41, pp.569-591, 1988.
  4. M. Igbaria, J. H. Greenhaus, and S. Parasraman, "Career orientations of MIS employees: An empirical analysis," MIS Quarterly, Vol.15, pp.151-169, 1991.
  5. R. Cropanzano and T. A. Wright, "Procedural justice and organizational staffing: A tale of two paradigms," Human Resource Management Review, Vol.13, pp.7-39, 2003.
  6. S. W. Gilliland, "Effects of procedural and distributive justice on reactions to a selection system," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.79, No.5, pp.691-701, 1994.
  7. B. Erdogan, "Antecedents and consequences of justice perceptions in performance appraisals," Human Resource Management Review, Vol.12, pp.555-578, 2002.
  8. R. Folger and M. A. Konovsky, "Effects of procedural and distributive justice on reactions to pay raise decisions," Academy of Management Journal, Vol.32, No.1, pp.115-130, 1989.
  9. M. A. Lemons and C. A. Jones, "Procedural justice in promotion decisions: Using perceptions of fairness to build employee commitment," Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol.16, No.4, pp.268-280, 2001.
  10. D. Cowherd and D. Levine, "Product quality and pay equity between lower-level employees and top management: An investigation of distributive justice theory," Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.37, No.2, pp.302-320, 1992.
  11. R. Folger and G. Greenberg, "Procedural justice: An interpretive analysis of personnel systems," In K. Rowland and G. Ferris (Eds.), Research in Personnel and Human Resource Management, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Vol.3, pp.141-183, 1985.
  12. D. R. Bobocel, L. M. Davey, L. S. Son Hing, and M. P. Zanna, "The concern for justice and reactions to affirmative action: Cause or rationalization?," In R. Cropanzano (Ed.), Justice in the Workplace: From theory to practice, London, UK: Lawrence Erlbaurn Associates, 2001.
  13. M. A. Quinones, "Pretraining context effects: Training assignment as feedback," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.80, No.2, pp.226-238, 1995.
  14. K. C. Wooten and L. P. White, "Linking OD's philosophy with justice theory: Postmodern implications," Journal of Organizational Change, Vol.12, No.1, pp.7-20, 1999.
  15. O. Nordhaug, "Reward functions of personnel training," Human Relations, Vol.42, No.5, pp.373-388, 1989.
  16. K. C. Wooten and A. T. Cobb, "Career development and organizational justice: Practice and research implications," Human Resource Development Quarterly, Vol.10, No.2, pp.173-179, 1999.
  17. R. Foster, Individual resistance, organizational justice, and employee commitment to planned organizational change, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St. Paul, 2007.
  18. J. Brockner and J. Greenberg, "The impact of layoffs on survivors: An organizational justice perspective," In J. Carroll (Ed.), Applied social psychology and organizational settings, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, pp.45-75, 1990.
  19. M. C. Kernan and P. J. Hanges, "Survivor reactions to reorganization: Antecedents and consequences of procedural, interpersonal, and informational justice," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.87, No.5, pp.916-928, 2002.
  20. D. Brown, L. Brooks, and Associates (Eds.), Career choice and development: Applying contemporary theories to practice (2nd ed.), San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 1990.
  21. J. H. Greenhaus and G. A. Callanan, Career management (2nd ed.), Orlando: Dryden Press, 1994.
  22. T. G. Gutteridge, Z. B. Leibowitz, and J. E. Shore, Organizational career development, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1993.
  23. S. Bagdadli and F. Paoletti, "The importance of organisational justice in career decision," Paper presented at the Academy of Management Proceedings, pp.1-6, 2000.
  24. J. R. Crawshaw, Managing careers and managing fairness: An organisational justice theory perspective on employee evaluations of, and reactions to, their career management, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Aston University, UK, 2005.
  25. J. Colquitt, J. Greenberg, and C. Zapata-Phelan, "What is organizational justice? A historical overview," In J. Greenberg and J. Colquitt (Eds), Handbook of organizational justice, London, UK: Routledge, pp.3-56, 2005.
  26. R. Folger and R. Cropanzano, Organizational justice and human resource management, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1998.
  27. J. Adams, "Inequity in social exchange," Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Vol.2, pp.267-299, 1965.
  28. R. J. Bies and J. S. Moag, "Interactional justice: Communication criteria of fairness," Research on Negotiation in Organizations, Vol.1, pp.43-55, 1986.
  29. G. C. Homans, Social behavior: Its elementary forms, London, UK: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1961.
  30. M. Blau, Exchange and power in social life, New York, NY: Wiley, 1964.
  31. R. Cropanzano and R. Folger, "Referent cognitions and task decision autonomy: Beyond equity theory," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.74, pp.293-299, 1989.
  32. J. Thibaut and L. Walker, "A theory of procedure," California Law Review, Vol.66, pp.541-566, 1978.
  33. G. Leventhal, J. Karuza, and W. Fry, "Beyond fairness: A theory of allocation preferences," Justice and Social Interaction, Vol.3, pp.167-218, 1980.
  34. J. Greenberg, "Stealing in the name of justice: Informational and interpersonal moderators of theft reactions to underpayment inequity," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol.54, pp.81-103, 1993.
  35. E. Lind and T. Tyler, The social psychology of procedural justice, New York, NY: Plenum Press, 1988.
  36. R. Folger, R. Cropanzano, and B. Goldman, "What is the relationship between justice and morality," In J. Greenberg and J. Colquitt (Eds), Handbook of organizational justice, Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, pp.215-245, 2005.
  37. P. D. Sweeney and D. B. McFarlin, "Workers' evaluations of the "ends" and the "means": An examination of four models of distributive and procedural justice," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol.55, pp.23-40, 1993.
  38. J. Brockner and P. Siegel, "Understanding the interaction between procedural and distributive justice: The role of trust," In R. Kramer and T. Tyler (Eds), Trust in organizations: Frontiers of theory and research, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp.390-403, 1996.
  39. S. Alexander and M. Ruderman, "The role of procedural and distributive justice in organizational behavior," Social Justice Research, Vol.1, pp.177-198, 1987.
  40. E. H. Schein, Career dynamics: Matching individual and organizational needs, Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 1978.
  41. R. J. Bies, "The predicament of injustice: The management of moral outrage," In L. Cummings and B. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Vol.9, pp.289-319, 1987.
  42. J. R. Crawshaw, "Justice source and justice content: Evaluating the fairness of organizational career management practices," Human Resource Management Journal, Vol.16, No.1, pp.98-120, 2006.
  43. T. Amabile and S. Kramer, The progress principle: Using small wins to ignite joy, engagement, and creativity at work, Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2011.
  44. K. L. Sauer, Job and career satisfaction of management dietitians. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Kansas State University, Manhattan, 2009.
  45. J. W. Lounsbury, J. M. Loveland, E. D. Sundstrom, L. W. Gibson, A. W. Drost, and F. L. Hamrick, "An investigation of personality traits in relation to career satisfaction," Journal of Career Assessment, Vol.11, No.3, pp.287-307, 2003.
  46. R. Sterm, "Are psychiatrists more dissatisfied with their careers than other physicians?," Psychiatric Services, Vol.52, p.581, 2001.
  47. J. H. Greenhaus, S. Parasuraman, and W. M., Wormely, "Effects of race on organizational experiences, job performance, evaluations, and career outcomes," Academy of Management Journal, Vol.33, pp.64-86, 1990.
  48. L. L. Martins, K. A. Eddleston, and J. F. Veiga, "Moderators of the relationship between work-family conflict and career satisfaction," Academy of Management Journal, Vol.43, pp.399-409, 2002.
  49. G. F. Dreher and A. A. Ash, "A comparative study of mentoring among men and women in managerial, professional, and technical positions," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.75, pp.539-546, 1990.
  50. T. W. H. Ng, L. T. Eby, K. L. Sorensen, and D. C. Feldman, "Predictors of objective and subjective career success: A meta-analysis," Personnel Psychology, Vol.58, pp.367-408, 2005.
  51. Y. Baruch, "Career development in organizations and beyond: Balancing traditional and contemporary viewpoints," Human Resource Management Review, Vol.16, pp.125-138, 2006.
  52. H. Kong, C. Cheung, and H. Song, "Hotel career management in China: Developing a measurement scale," International Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol.30, pp.112-118, 2011.
  53. B. R. Barnett and L. Bradley, "The impact of organisational support for career development on career satisfaction," Career Development International, Vol.12, No.7, pp.617-636, 2007.
  54. A. De Vos, K. Dewettinck, and D. Buyens, "The professional career on the right track: A study on the interaction between career self-management and organizational career management in explaining employee outcomes," European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Vol.18, No.1, pp.55-80, 2009.
  55. H. Kong, C. Cheung, and H. Q. Zhang, "Career management systems: What are China's state-owned hotels practising?," International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol.22, No.4, pp.467-482, 2010.
  56. C. Orpen, "The effects of organizational and individual career management on career success," International Journal of Manpower, Vol.15, pp.27-37, 1994.
  57. A. Pazy, "Joint Responsibility: The Relationships Between Organizational and Individual Career Management and the Effectiveness of Careers," Group and Organization Management, Vol.13, pp.311-331, 1988.
  58. J. Sturges, D. Guest, N. Conway, and K. M. Davey, "A longitudinal study of the relationship between career management and organizational commitment among graduates in the first ten years at work," Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol.23, pp.731-748, 2002.
  59. J. Arnold, Managing careers into the 21st century, London, UK: Paul Chapman, 1997.