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The Effect of the Cultural Competence in Multicultural Nursing Education by Action Learning

액션러닝 기반의 다문화 간호교육이 문화적 역량 증진에 미치는 효과

  • Kim, Yeon-Soon (Department of Early Childhood Education, Chunnam Techno University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Young (Department of Education, Chonnam National University)
  • 김연순 (전남과학대학교 유아교육과) ;
  • 김진영 (전남대학교 교육학과)
  • Received : 2014.08.19
  • Accepted : 2014.11.06
  • Published : 2014.11.30

Abstract

This research aims is to confirm the effects of cultural competence of an action learning based teaching method in multicultural nursing education. Cultural competence was composed of cultural knowledge, cultural awareness and cultural acceptance. A total of 118 college students were enrolled in this study. Both before and after learning, the students were guided to fill out a questionnaire regarding culture competence. The students from each group studied multicultural nursing by different teaching types: the Traditional Lecture-based Teaching method (TLT) and Action Learning based Teaching method (ALT). Data analysis was carried out by SPSS 21.0. A pre-post comparison within the group was performed using a paired t-test and the comparison between groups was performed using ANCOVA. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the culture competence in both teaching methods. In addition, ALT showed higher cultural acceptance results than TLT; however, there was no difference in cultural knowledge and cultural awareness between the two groups Therefore, ALT should be considered as a teaching method to enhance cultural competence in multicultural nursing education for Nursing students. Further studies on instructional design according to the task types, nursing performance, and the validity of ALT will be needed.

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