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Predictors Affecting Breast Self-Examination Practice among Turkish Women

  • Doganer, Yusuf C. ;
  • Aydogan, Umit ;
  • Kilbas, Zafer ;
  • Rohrer, James E. ;
  • Sari, Oktay ;
  • Usterme, Necibe ;
  • Yuksel, Servet ;
  • Akbulut, Halil ;
  • Balkan, Salih M. ;
  • Saglam, Kenan ;
  • Tufan, Turgut
  • Published : 2014.11.06

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer among females in Turkey. Predictors affecting the breast self-examination (BSE) performance vary in developing countries. Objective: To determine the frequency of BSE performance and predictors of self-reported BSEs among women in the capital city of Turkey. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 376 Turkish women using a self-administered questionnaire covering socio-demographic variables and BSE-related features. Results: Of the participants, 78.7% (N=296) reported practicing BSE, whereas 9.5% (N=28) were implementing BSE regularly on a monthly basis, and only 5.7% (N=17) were performing BSE regularly within a week after each menstrual cycle. Multivariate logistic regression modeling revealed that BSE performance was more likely in younger age groups [20-39 years] (p=0.018, OR=3.215) and [40-49 years] (p=0.009, OR=3.162), women having a family history of breast disease (p=0.038, OR=2.028), and housewives (p=0.013, OR=0.353). Conclusions: Although it appears that the rates of BSE performers are high, the number of women conducting appropriate BSE on a regular time interval basis is lower than expected. Younger age groups, family history of breast diseases and not being employed were identified as significant predictors of practicing BSE appropriately. Older age and employment were risk factors for not performing BSE in this sample.

Keywords

Breast self-examination;demographics;awareness;predictors

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