Cervical Cancer Trends in Mexico: Incidence, Mortality and Research Output

  • Anaya-Ruiz, Maricruz (Laboratory of Cellular Biology, Centro de Investigacion Biomedica de Oriente, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social) ;
  • Vincent, Ana Karen (Laboratory of Cellular Biology, Centro de Investigacion Biomedica de Oriente, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social) ;
  • Perez-Santos, Martin (Vice-rectory of Research and Postgraduate Studies, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla)
  • Published : 2014.11.06


Purpose: To evaluate the recent incidence and mortality of and scientific research trends in cervical cancer in Mexican females. Materials and Methods: Data between 2000 and 2010 from the Department of Epidemiology of the Ministry of Health, and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of World Health Organization were analyzed, and age-standardized rates (ASRs) were calculated. In addition, scientific research data were retrieved from the Web of Science database from 2003 to 2012, using different terms related to cervical cancer. Results: The incidence rate decreased during last five years, while mortality rates showed an annual decrease of 4.93%. A total of 780 articles were retrieved, and the institutions with the majority of publications were National Autonomous University of Mexico (34.87%), Social Security Mexican Institute (16.02%), and National Institute of Cancerology (15%). The main types of research were treatment, diagnosis, and prevention. Conclusions: The above results show that incidence of cervical cancer decreased over time in Mexico during last five years; similarly, the downturn observed in mortality mainly reflects improved survival as a result of earlier diagnosis and cancer treatment. Also, this article demonstrates the usefulness of bibliometrics to address key evaluation questions and to establish priorities, define future areas of research, and develop cervical cancer control strategies in Mexico.


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