The effects of private tutoring expenses, parents' monitoring.affection, their children's learning value and self-regulated learning abilities on middle-school boys's and girls' academic achievement

부모의 사교육비 및 감독.애정, 자녀의 학습가치와 자기조절학습능력이 학업성취도에 미치는 영향: 중학생의 성별 비교를 중심으로

  • Lim, Yang-Mi (Dept. of Home Economics Education, Jeonju University)
  • 임양미 (전주대학교 사범대학 가정교육과)
  • Received : 2014.09.17
  • Accepted : 2014.09.26
  • Published : 2014.09.30

Abstract

This study aimed to explore the effects of private tutoring expenses, parents' monitoring affection, their children's learning value and self-regulated learning abilities on middle-school boys' and girls' English Math academic achievement. The subjects were the 3rd middle-school 1,123 students taking the private tutoring of English and Math who participated in the Korea Child Youth Panel Surveys(KCYPS). The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, correlations and hierarchical regressions. The main results of this study were as follows. Firstly, regardless of middle-school students' sex, as monthly average private tutoring expenses were more, the levels of parents' monitoring, and their children's learning value self-regulated learning abilities were higher, so middle-school students' academic achievement was higher. Secondly, regardless of middle-school students' sex, their self-regulated learning abilities were the highest predictors of English Math achievement. Also, their learning value and parents' monitoring influenced middle-school boys' English Math achievement in order. On the other hand, monthly average private tutoring expenses influenced middle-school girls' English Math achievement. Furthermore there were no moderating effects of parents' monitoring affection, their children's learning value and self-regulated learning abilities between monthly average private tutoring expenses and middle-school boys' and girls' English Math achievement. Finally, based on the results, the importance of parents and Home Economics was suggested in attaining middle-school students' higher academic achievement. Especially, Home Economics can play an important role of enhancing middle-school students' self-regulated learning abilities and learning value necessary for middle-school students' higher academic achievement.