- Volume 29 Issue 5
DOI QR Code
Study on the Impact of use of Technology on Work Environment and the Health of Workers
기술사용이 근로환경과 근로자 건강에 미치는 영향력에 대한 연구
- Kim, Young Sun (Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, KOSHA) ;
- Rhee, Kyung Yong (Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, KOSHA) ;
- Jin, Ju Hyeon (Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, KOSHA) ;
- Kim, Ki-Sik (Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, KOSHA)
- 김영선 (한국산업안전보건공단 산업안전보건연구원) ;
- 이경용 (한국산업안전보건공단 산업안전보건연구원) ;
- 진주현 (한국산업안전보건공단 산업안전보건연구원) ;
- 김기식 (한국산업안전보건공단 산업안전보건연구원)
- Received : 2014.08.06
- Accepted : 2014.10.22
- Published : 2014.10.31
This study looks at the impact of psychological and physical factors of the working conditions on the health of workers depending on whether technology is used by such workers. The data used for the study is the third work environment survey. Out of 50,032 respondents, a total of 29,711 paid workers were used as analysis subjects. Although it was anticipated that the use of technology was a factor that hindered job autonomy and teamwork autonomy. However, the analysis results showed low levels of job autonomy and teamwork autonomy in the group that did not use technology. The study assumes a regression analysis model about work environment and work organizational practices of workspaces that have an impact on musculoskeletal complaints, stress symptoms and level of work satisfaction by controlling the social demographic variable that represents the level of individual sensitivity. As a result of the study, ergonomic risk had a significant effect on both groups that did or did not use technology with respect to stress symptoms, musculoskeletal complaints and level of work satisfaction. In particular, as workspace practices and work environment had an effect on the development of musculoskeletal complaints in the group that used machines, there is a need to improve such situation. The autonomous team work or level of job autonomy within the group that used technology may act as a risk factor to the health and welfare of workers. However, because it may also act as a buffer factor, there is a need for a change to reduce stress symptoms and increase the level of work satisfaction by improving autonomous team work and the level of job autonomy.
- B. Steijn, "Werken in de Informatiesamenleving.", Assen, Van Gorcum, 2001.
- Dusek, Val, "Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction", Blackwell Publishing, 2006.
- F. Zijlstra, "Technologie, Gezondheid en Welbevinden, in Schaufeli, W. and Bakker, A. (eds.), De Psychologie Van Arbeid en Gezondheid", Houten, Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum, pp. 329-339, 2007.
- P. Totterdill, S. Dhondt and S. Milsome, "Partners at Work? A Report to Europe's Policy-makers and Social Partners", Brussels, European Commission, DG Research, 2002.
- A. Weiler, "Information Technology: Use and training in Europe", Dublin, Eurofound, 2006. available online at: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef04134.htm.
- M. Piva, E. Santarelli and M. Vivarelli, "The Skill Bias Effect of Technological and Organizational Change: Evidence and Policy Implications", Research Policy, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 141-157, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2004.11.005
- I. Houtman, P. Smulders and D. J. Klein Hesselink, "Trends in Arbeid 2002", Alphen aan den Rijn, TNO Arbeid/Kluwer, 2001.
- S. K. Garrett, B. J. Melloy and A. K. Gramopadhye, "The Effects of Per-lot and Per-item Pacing on Inspection Performance", International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 291-302, 2000.
- Yassi, Annalee. "Repetitive Strain Injuries", The Lancet, Vol. 349, No. 9056, pp. 943-947, 1997. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(96)07221-2
- S. Ijmker, M. A. Huysmans, B. M. Blatter, A. Van der Beek, W. Van Mechelen and P. M. Bongers, "Should Office Workers Spend Fewer Hours at Their Computer? A Systematic Review of the Lliterature", Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 64, No. 4, pp. 211-222, 2007.
- Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, "Third Working Conditions Survey Final Report", 2011.
- P. M. Bongers, S. Ijmker, S. Van den Heuvel and B. M. Blatter, "Epidemiology of Work-related Neck and Upper Limb Problems: Psychosocial and Personal Risk Factors (Part I) and Effective Interventions from a Bio Behavioral Perspective (Part II)", Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 272-295, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10926-006-9044-1
- J. Hurley, "Use of Technology and Working Conditions in the European Union", European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2008.
- Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, Dublin: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007.
- W. Karwowski, W. S. Marras, "The Occupational Ergonomics Handbook.", Boca Raton, CRC Press, 1999.