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Numbers of New Cases and Trends of Cancer 1993-2012: Srinagarind Hospital Based Population, Khon Kaen, North-East Thailand

  • Wirasorn, Kosin (Division of Oncology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Suwanrungruag, Krittika (Cancer Unit, Srinagarind Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Wiangnon, Surapon (Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Punjaruk, Wiyada (Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University)
  • Published : 2014.10.23

Abstract

Background: Cancer is the most common cause of death in Thailand, where treatment outcomes and prognosis are poor and mortality rates remain high. This study reports new cancer cases and trends of all cancers registered in Srinagarind Hospital from 1993 to 2012 and also provides a picture of the cancer situation in Northeast Thailand. Materials and Methods: All new cases of cancer registered in the hospital-based cancer registry at Faculty of Medicine, Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen University during 1993-2012 were included in the study. Results and Conclusions: The number of new cancer cases has gradually increased each year during the last 20 years. The three most common cancers at present in males are liver and bile duct cancer, lung cancer and colorectal cancer, respectively. In females, liver and bile duct, breast and thyroid cancers are now the most frequent. Interestingly, the number of cases of both liver and bile duct cancer and colorectal cancer in males noticeably increased during the second decade of the study. Additionally, breast cancer greatly increased in the same decade and lung cancer in females climbed into the top five most common cancers. Thyroid cancer has also risen steadily in the last decade. Trends of common cancers are similar to those throughout Thailand.

Keywords

Numbers of new cases;cancer;Srinagarind Hospital;hospital based cancer registration

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