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Practical Use of Cancer Control Promoters in Municipalities in Japan

  • Yako-Suketomo, Hiroko (Faculty of Sports and Health Sciences, Japan Women's College of Physical Education) ;
  • Katanoda, Kota (Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Sobue, Tomotaka (Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University) ;
  • Imai, Hirohisa (National Institute of Public Health)
  • Published : 2014.10.23

Abstract

The Cancer Control Act in Japan became effective in 2006. In Ibaraki, Toyama, and Hyogo prefectures, the Cancer Control Promoter (CCP) plan was created to strengthen partnerships for cancer prevention. This study aimed to examine the curre nt status of CCP utilization and analyze relationships with intersectoral collaboration, both within the government and with outside partners. In 2008, we mailed questionnaires to 100 administrators responsible for disease prevention and health promotion in municipal governments of the three prefectures. Ninety-one administrators responded (response rate, 91.0%). We analyzed responses to questions regarding whether or not the municipalities had used CCPs. Items assessing intersectoral collaboration examined municipality characteristics and relationships with outside partners and sectors specializing in areas other than community health. Among 90 administrators with valid data, 33 municipalities (36.7%) used CCPs while 57 (63.3%) did not. The Fisher's exact test revealed that intersectoral collaboration for using CCPs was associated with communication with all of the municipal government sectors not related to health. The present study indicated that CCPs were not consistently used in municipalities. However, we found that intersectoral collaborations, especially within the local government, may be related to the practical use of CCPs. This, in turn, may result in effective cancer control and prevention, as well as improvement in community health.

Keywords

Cancer Control Promoter (CCP);intersectoral collaboration;municipality;Japan

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