Microsatellite Instability of Nuclear and Mitochondrial DNAs in Gastric Carcinogenesis

  • Lee, Jae-Ho (Department of Anatomy, Keimyung University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Dae-Kwang (Department of Medical Genetics, Keimyung University School of Medicine)
  • Published : 2014.10.23


Genetic instability contributes to the development and progression of gastric cancer, one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Microsatellite instability (MSI) has been hypothesized to be involved in carcinogenesis, althgough its mechanisms and exact roles in gastric cancer remain largely unknown. Our aim was to identify associated clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic value of MSI in gastric cancer and precancerous lesions including gastritis, metaplasia, dysplasia, and adenoma. Because mitochondrial DNA has a different genetic system from nuclear DNA, the results of both nuclear MSI and mitochondrial MSI in gastric cancer were reviewed. This review provides evidence that genetic instability of nuclear and mitochondrial DNAs contributes to early stages of gastric carcinogenesis and suggests possible roles in predicting prognosis.


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