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Influencing Factors for Short-term Variations of Carbon Dioxide Concentration at the Gosan Site in Jeju, Korea

제주도 고산지역 CO2 농도의 단기 변동에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석

  • Kim, Seung-Yeon (Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Deok (Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Deok-Rae (Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Bum (Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Song, Chang-Keun (Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Choi, Kwang-Ho (Department of General Education, NamSeoul University) ;
  • Han, Jin-Seok (Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • 김승연 (국립환경과학원 기후대기연구부) ;
  • 이상덕 (국립환경과학원 기후대기연구부) ;
  • 김덕래 (국립환경과학원 기후대기연구부) ;
  • 이재범 (국립환경과학원 기후대기연구부) ;
  • 송창근 (국립환경과학원 기후대기연구부) ;
  • 최광호 (남서울대학교 교양과학부) ;
  • 한진석 (국립환경과학원 기후대기연구부)
  • Received : 2014.05.21
  • Accepted : 2014.09.17
  • Published : 2014.10.31

Abstract

This study examined the short-term variability of $CO_2$ concentrations measured at the Gosan site ($33^{\circ}17^{\prime}N$, $126^{\circ}10^{\prime}E$) in Jeju, Korea for the last 9 years from 2002 to 2010. The weekly distribution shows higher $CO_2$ concentrations during weekends than weekdays which implies the impact of local emissions because Jeju Island is one of the top tourist attraction in Korea. In diurnal variation, $CO_2$ concentration reached the maximum at 6 am and the minimum at 1 pm. The high $CO_2$ concentrations were mostly associated with lower wind speed (below 4 m/s) and easterlies, which was typical of summer night. In other seasons, however, the high concentrations were encountered under strong westerlies (8~16 m/s), which implies the influence of Chinese outflows. $CO_2$ concentrations were found to be highly correlated with meteorological parameters including wind speed, temperature, humidity, and solar radiation except for winter.

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