- Volume 27 Issue 11
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The Influence of Feed Energy Density and a Formulated Additive on Rumen and Rectal Temperature in Hanwoo Steers
- Cho, Sangbuem (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Mbiriri, David Tinotenda (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Shim, Kwanseob (Department of Animal Biotechnology, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Lee, A-Leum (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Oh, Seong-Jin (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Yang, Jinho (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Ryu, Chaehwa (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Kim, Young-Hoon (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Seo, Kang-Seok (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University) ;
- Chae, Jung-Il (Department of Dental Pharmacology, Chonbuk National University) ;
- Oh, Young Kyoon (Animal Nutrition and Physiology Division, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
- Choi, Nag-Jin (Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University)
- Received : 2014.07.25
- Accepted : 2014.09.25
- Published : 2014.11.01
The present study investigated the optimum blending condition of protected fat, choline and yeast culture for lowering of rumen temperature. The Box Benken experimental design, a fractional factorial arrangement, and response surface methodology were employed. The optimum blending condition was determined using the rumen simulated in vitro fermentation. An additive formulated on the optimum condition contained 50% of protected fat, 25% of yeast culture, 5% of choline, 7% of organic zinc, 6.5% of cinnamon, and 6.5% of stevioside. The feed additive was supplemented at a rate of 0.1% of diet (orchard grass:concentrate, 3:7) and compared with a control which had no additive. The treatment resulted in lower volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration and biogas than the control. To investigate the effect of the optimized additive and feed energy levels on rumen and rectal temperatures, four rumen cannulated Hanwoo (Korean native beef breed) steers were in a
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