DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study of Vietnamese Immigrant Women's 'Adaptation Experiences', With in The Sociocultural Context of Their Home Country

출신국의 사회·문화적 맥락에서 이해한 베트남 결혼이주여성의 적응경험 연구

  • Received : 2014.07.15
  • Accepted : 2014.09.29
  • Published : 2014.10.31

Abstract

The present study aims to phenomenologically investigate the adaptation experiences of Vietnamese immigrant women, with in the sociocultural context of their native country. In-depth interviews with a total of seven Vietnamese immigrant women were analyzed by the phenomenological method of A. Giorgi(1997). A total of 127 meaning units and 7 themes with 17 sub-themes, which rendered central meanings that indicated situational structures, were derived. The statements of situational structures were re-categorized in accordance with the sociocultural context of their native country. As the socioeconomic aspect, "aspiration for new opportunities and a new world" and "disappointment and frustration" were derived. The aspect of familial value and culture involved "conflicts over the unilateral acceptance of differences" and "building social relationships". The aspect of female status was associated with "conflicts due to patriarchal hierarchy". The aspect of child caring involved "education as a symbolic value" and the "double-sidedness of mother identity strategy". The gist of Vietnamese immigrant women's adaptation experiences is "to grow into a subjective mother despite conflicts due to the disappointment and frustration behind aspirations".

Keywords

Vietnamese immigrant women;adaptation experiences;sociocultural context

References

  1. Bae, K., & Seo, Y. (2011). Relationship between employment status and mental health in a sample of marriage immigrant women-mediating effect of social adaptation. Korean journal of social welfare, 63(4), 183-202.
  2. Berry, J. W., & Sam, D. L. (1997). Acculturation and adaptation. In J. W. Berry, M. H. Segall&C. Kagitcibasi (Eds) Handbook of Cross-cultural Psychology, Vol. 3: Social behaviour and Applications 2nd. ed., (291 - 326). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  3. Berry, J. W., Kim, U., Power, S., Young, M., & Bujaki, M. (1989). Acculturation attitude in plural societies. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 38, 185-206. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.1989.tb01208.x
  4. Berry, J. W., Kim, U., Tomas, M., & Mok, D. (1987). Comparative studies of acculturative stress. International Migration Review, 21, 491-511. https://doi.org/10.2307/2546607
  5. Bhugra, D. (2003). Migration and depression, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 108, 67-72. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0447.108.s418.14.x
  6. Busseon, T. (2006). Vietnam, the vietnamese people. Seoul: Daewon Press.
  7. Cahe, O., & Hong, D. (2007) Case study for Vietnamese marriage immigrants' adjustment to korea, Korean Association of Human Ecology. 16(1), 61-73. https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.061
  8. Cho, H., Jeoung, S., Kim, J., & Kwon, J. (2007). Qualitative research methodology: five kinds of access. Seoul: Hakji Press.
  9. Cho, M., & Kim, Y. (2011). A study on the relationship between bicultural identity and sociocultural adaptation of immigrants in Korea. The Korean Political Science Society, 18(2), 263-389.
  10. Cho, Y. (1999). Qualitative research and case. Seoul: Education Science Press.
  11. Choi, H. (2012). Study on social exclusion and acculturation of immigrant women. The Korean Social Security Association, 28(1), 217-244.
  12. Choi, J. (2009). Vietnamese immigrant women's strategies of action in deterritorialized spaces : eun-hye and hongnoan's talk of love andmarriage. Korean Journal of Sociology, 43(4), 107-146.
  13. Choi, Y. (2010). Research of Vietnamese women fought background in the first.second of Vietnam war. Vietnam Research, 10, 138-181.
  14. Chung, K. (2008). International marriage migrant women's Korean migration and their adjustment of life in Korea. Humanities and Social Science Research, 20, 69-103.
  15. Creswell, J. W. (2005). Educational research: planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Merrill, 2005. Print.
  16. Doosan Encyclopedia. (2014). Vietnam. Retrieved from http://www.doopedia.co.kr/doopedia/master/master.do?_method=view&MAS_IDX=101013000844082#MGROUP_101015000147363.
  17. Fenta, H., I. Hyman., & N. Samuel. (2004). Determinants of depression among ethiopian immigrants and refugees in Toronto. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 192, 363-371. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.nmd.0000126729.08179.07
  18. Giorgi, A. (1997). The theory, practice, and evaluation of phenomenological methods a qualitative research. Journal of Phenomenology, 28, 235-260. https://doi.org/10.1163/156916297X00103
  19. Ha, S. (1994). A brief study of Vietnamese social behavior: the structure of social relations in Vietnam. Theses Collection, 12(1), 387-401.
  20. Han, Y. (2012). Influential factor on korean dietary life and eating behaviour of female marriage immigrants. Unpublished master's thesis. Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
  21. Heo, Y. (2013). Home family support of immigrant women. Seoul: Hanwool Academy.
  22. Hong, K. (2000). The gender politics of migration viewed though marriage between chosun-jock(korean-chinese) women and korean men. Unpublished master's thesis. Ewha Woman's University, Seoul, Korea.
  23. Huang, Y. C., & N. J. Mathers. (2008). Postnatal depression and the experience of south asian marriage migrant women in taiwan: survey and semi-structured in interview study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45, 924-931. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2007.02.006
  24. Hwang, J. (2009). 'feminization of migration' and marriage migration in Korea: a theoretical inquiry. Issues in Feminism, 9(2), 1-37.
  25. Hwang, K. (1999). A study of changes in Vietnam's relations with China. Journal of the Institute of Asian Area Studies, 2, 12-31.
  26. Jin, H. (2005). A qualitative study on the life experience of and social welfare service for the Korean-Chinese women in international marriage in adjustment period. Korean Journal of Family Social Work, 15, 219-244.
  27. Joongboo Daily. (2014). Yangpyeong, send marries a rural bachelor. Retrieved from http://www.moj.go.kr/HP/COM/bbs_03/ShowData.do?strNbodCd=noti0003&strWrtNo=4664&strAnsNo=A&strFilePath=moj/&strRtnURL=MOJ_30600000&strOrgGbnCd=100000.
  28. Kang, Y. (1999). What are inside the Korean-Chinese international marriage?: an exploratory study. Journal of Family Relations, 4(2), 62-.80.
  29. Kang, Y. (2011). Study on the awareness of korean food culture among immigrant housewives in korea and education thereof. Unpublished master's thesis. Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  30. Keimyung University Institute for Women's Studies. (2007). Local women policy of Korea and China from the perspective of women's lives. Keimyung University Press.
  31. Kim, D. (2006). A conceptual scheme of international marriage of koreans and analyses of the marriage and divorce registration data. The Population Association of Korea, 29(1), 25-56.
  32. Kim, H. (2003). Vietnam's traditional marriage notion. Vietnam Research, 4, 131-149.
  33. Kim, H. (2006). With a focus on marriages between Korean men and Vietnamese women: global gender politics of cross-border marriage. Economy and Society, 70, 10-37.
  34. Kim, M., Yoo, M., Lee, H., & Chung, K. (2006). Dilemmas and choices of international marriage migrant women-wives of vietnam and the case of the Philippines. Korea Cultural Anthropology, 39(1), 159-193.
  35. Kim, N. (2013). Phenomenological study on immigrant wives' experience of adaptation process: focused on married immigrant women with korean men through international marriage agencies. Unpublished master's thesis. Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea.
  36. Kim, T. (2013). The adaptation to korean society and the conflicts between values of Vietnamese female marriage migrants. Korea Journal of Population Studies, 2(1), 53-76. 5-54.
  37. Kim, Y. (2007). Qualitative research methodology I. Seoul: Muneum Press.
  38. Kong, S., & Yang, S. (2011). A qualitative study on the adaptation process of multicultural families. Korean Journal of Human Ecology, 20(1), 101-117. https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.1.101
  39. Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. (2013). Changes in the characteristics of multi-cultural families and Policy Implications. Seoul, Korea: Kim, Y.
  40. Lasry, J. S., & Sayegh, L. (1992). Developing and acculturation scale: a bidimensional model. In N. Grizenko, L. Sayegh, & P. Migneault (Eds.), Transcultural issues in child psychiatry. Montreal: Editions Douglas.
  41. Lee, D. (2009). The status of the Japanese immigrant women's adaptation to the Korean society: focusing on the chung-nam province. Journal of cultural tourism studies, 11(2), 23-36.
  42. Lee, E. (2013). The story on the marriage and work of my friend a Vietnamese migrant inter-marriage woman. Journal of the Multicultural Education, 6(3), 109-129.
  43. Lee, E., & Jun, M. (2013). A meta-analysis of the variables related with social support for female marriage immigrants. Korean Home Management Association, 31(5), 124-141. https://doi.org/10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.5.125
  44. Lee, H. (2005). A syudy of caregiving experience of caring for a spouse with dementia husband elderly couple in the household. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Ewha Woman's University, Seoul, Korea.
  45. Lee, H. (2013). A qualitative study on marriage migrant women's experiences in the world of life. The Korea Contents Society, 13(1), 269-277.
  46. Lee, J. (2011). A comparative research on the food culture of the Korean & Vietnam. Social Science Discourse and Policy, 4(2), 67-89.
  47. Lee, N. (2004). Phenomenology and hermeneutics: phenomenology of husserl chowolronjeok and heidegger's hermeneutic phenomenology. Seoul: Seoul National University Press.
  48. Leininger, M. (1998). Special research report: dominant culture care (Emic) meanings and practice findings from leininger's theory. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. 9(2). 45-56. https://doi.org/10.1177/104365969800900207
  49. Lim, D., & Kim, C. (2011). A Study on Korean college students' perception of multi-cultural society and its antecedent factors: focusing on social distance, image of foreign residents, and qualifications for being a korean. Korean Journal of Communication Studies, 19(1), 5-55.
  50. Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
  51. Mason, J. (1999). Qualitative research methodology. Seoul: Nanam Press.
  52. Ministry of Gender Equality and Family. (2005). Survey of married immigrants family and study on long-term support policy. Seoul, Korea: Seol, D., Lee, H., & Cho, S.
  53. Ministry of Gender Equality and Family. (2012). Survey of multicultural families.
  54. Ministry of the Gender Equality & Family. (2014). Immigrant women's local education. Retrieved from http://www.mogef.go.kr/
  55. Ministry of Justice. (2014). International marriage adaptation program. Retrieved from http://www.socinet.go.kr/soci/contents/PgmIntrMarr.jsp?q_global_menu_id=S_GIM_SUB01.
  56. Ogbu, J. (1981). Origins of human competence: A cross cultural ecological perpective. Child Development, 52, 413-429. https://doi.org/10.2307/1129158
  57. Ok, S., Chin, M. & Chung, G. & Kim, J. (2014). Original article : comparisons of family life culture among Korean married families and Korean-Vietnamese multicultural families: focusing on family rituals and values. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association. 52(1), 75-85.
  58. Park, S. (2008). A study on the change of identity and agency of international marriage migrant women changing with the social positionality: a case study of Gumi. Journal of The Korean Association of Regional Geographers, 14(1), 40-53.
  59. Park, S. (2011). The study on aspects of acculturation showed in married immigrant women's handwriting. Multi-Cultural Contents Stydies, 11, 107-139.
  60. Ryu, J. (2010). Vietnamese marriage immigrants' adjustment strategies for their family life in korea : based on their vietnamese culture. Unpublished master's thesis. Wonkwang University, Jeollabuk-do, Korea.
  61. Ryu, J., & Kim, D. (2013). Effects of perception for upward mobility on fertility among foreign wives in Korea. Korea Journal of Population Studies, 36(2), 45-67.
  62. Seo, D. (2010). Features and limitations of multicultural studies Korea: international marriage migrant women and their children focusing on qualitative research. The Journal of Migration & Society, 3(2), 5-32.
  63. Seong, E. (2009). A study on intermarried immigrant women's acculturation : focused on the moderating effect of coping strategies. Unpublished master's thesis. Seoul Women's Universit, Seoul, Korea.
  64. Shin, Y. & Chang, J. (2010). A case study on adaptability factors in family life for Vietnam multi-cultural families in Korea in terms of the interculturalism. Korean Family Resource Management Association, 14(3), 109-122.
  65. Sim, S. (2009). The position of Vietnamese women and the Korean-Vietnamese multi-culture family. Vietnam Research, 9, 25-66.
  66. Sim, Y. (2012). Sheet supranational and supranational identity. multicultural society, migration and transnationalism. Bogo Press.
  67. Sliver, H. (1994). Social exclusion and social solidarity: Theree Paradigma. International Labour Review, 133(5-6). 531-578.
  68. Song, B. (2012). Adaptation srategies for mrriage imigrants' fmily clture in krea through fmily culture in aian cuntries. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Wonkwang University, Jeollabuk-do, Korea.
  69. Statistics Korea. (2013). Marital status of immigrants. Retrieved from http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=2819.
  70. Sung, J. (1996). Marriage research between Koreans in Chinese women and Korean men. Unpublished master's thesis. Catholic University of Daegu. Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea.
  71. Sung, M., Chin, M., Lee, J., & Lee, S. (2013). Ethnic variations in factors contributing to the life satisfaction of migrant wives in south Korea. Family Relation, 62(2), 226-240. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2012.00753.x
  72. Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behavior in W. Austin and S. Worchel (Ed) The social psychology of intergroup relation. 7-14. Chicago: nelson-Hall Publishers.
  73. Van de Vijver, F. J. R., Helms-Lorenz, M., & Feltzer, M. J. A. (1999). Acculturation and cognitive performance of migrant children in the netherlands. International Journal of Psychology, 34, 149-162. https://doi.org/10.1080/002075999399936
  74. Van Manen, M. (1990). Reserching Lived Experience. New York. Sunny Press.
  75. Van Oudenhoven, J. P., Willemsma, G., & Prins, K. S. (1996). Integratie and assimilatie marokkanen, surinamers en turken in Nederland. (integration and assimilation of maroccans, surinamers and turks in Nederlands). De Psycholog, 31, 468-478.
  76. World Population Review. (2014). Vietnam population 2014. Retrieved from http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/vietnam-population/.
  77. Yoo, I. (1997). Vietnamese traditional family structure and marital relationships, Asian Culture. 5, 165-182.