The Professionalization of American Dental Hygienist

미국치과위생사의 전문직화에 대한 고찰

  • 김형미 (남서울대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 임순연 (남서울대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 배현숙 (남서울대학교 치위생학과)
  • Received : 2014.08.04
  • Accepted : 2014.09.01
  • Published : 2014.09.30


In 2013, dental hygienist is in its 100th year. As Dr. Fones opened two year dental hygiene training program at Bridgeport Junior College in 1913. 'Dental Hygienist', the profession that specializes in oral disease prevention and health science, was first used. Since 'Dental Hygienist' was first introduced in the States, looking back through the America's development of dental hygienist would be the basis of checking development process of the international dental hygiene system and comparing the system of each country. This study focused on the contemplation of how America's dental hygienist became professional through 'development of dental hygienist', 'development of dental hygiene education system', 'development of dental hygienist's license and related qualification system', 'Dental hygienist laws and ethics', and 'dental hygienists' role and scope'. America's dental hygienist has requirements to become professional and also dental hygienist is socially recognized as professional. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the process of American dental hygienist professionalization. Thus, references and literature were gathered and analyzed.


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