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Turkish Social Attitudes towards to Cancer Prevention: a Health Belief Model Study

  • Tasci-Duran, Emel (Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing Department, Health Sciences Faculty, Suleyman Demirel Universty) ;
  • Koc, Sukran (Midwifery Department, Health Sciences Faculty, Suleyman Demirel Universty) ;
  • Korkmaz, Medet (Medical Nursing Department, Health Sciences Faculty, Sanko University)
  • Published : 2014.10.11

Abstract

This research was planned to reveal society's attitude towards cancer and early diagnosis using the health belief model. This study was planned as descriptive research in Isparta. A random sample of n=256 individuals of both genders was recruited at the largest shopping center. As a means of collection tool, a survey consisted of two forms, the first designed for sociodemographic information and the second covering 29 questions suitable for the content of Health Belief Model. Of the participants, 66.8% were female and 33.2% were male, and the average age was $33.3{\pm}11.0$ years. Some 46.1% partly thought that they may develop cancer, and 49.6% were afraid of this possibility. As many as 50% indicated that cancer is an issue that comes from Allah. A significant difference was found between not going for control unless feeling bad, and blood analysis for cancer screening (${\chi}^2=3.780$ p= 0.03). It was seen that in an area with a high rate of cancer, people's awareness of cancer prevention and early diagnosis and attitudes towards these are insufficient.

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