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AIDS-Related Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Imaging Feature Analysis of 27 Cases and Correlation with Pathologic Findings

  • Yang, Jun (Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University) ;
  • Wang, Peng (Department of Pathology, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Institute of Infectious Diseases, Capital Medical University) ;
  • Lv, Zhi-Bin (Department of Radiology, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Institute of Infectious Diseases, Capital Medical University) ;
  • Wei, Lian-Gui (Department of Radiology, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Institute of Infectious Diseases, Capital Medical University) ;
  • Xu, Yun-Liang (Department of Radiology, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Institute of Infectious Diseases, Capital Medical University) ;
  • Zhou, An (Department of Radiology, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Institute of Infectious Diseases, Capital Medical University) ;
  • Xu, Dong-Hai (Department of Radiology, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Institute of Infectious Diseases, Capital Medical University) ;
  • Ma, Da-Qing (Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University)
  • 발행 : 2014.10.11

초록

Background: Some tumor types are related to HIV, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The morbidity and mortality of NHL has remained high, even after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was introduced. We collected cases of AIDS with NHL, and evaluated the imaging features and strategies for diagnosis. Materials and Methods: There were 27 patients with AIDS and tumors confirmed by pathology. There were 9 patients with Burkitt lymphoma, 16 with diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), and 2 with primary central nervous system (PCNS) lymphomas. All of the patients underwent a series of imaging studies. Three radiologists analyzed the images, and any disagreement was discussed until consensus was reached. Results: The radiologic manifestations of AIDS with NHL were mainly masses and lymphadenopathy, 3 patients having one mass and 12 two or more masses. 7 patients had lymphadenopathy in one site and 3patients had lymphadenopathy in two or more sites. Coarse mucosal folds, thickening of the gastrointestinal wall, and lumen narrowing were typical manifestations of NHL within the gastrointestinal tract. There were 4 patients with masses and 5 with lymphadenopathy inthe 9 with Burkitt lymphoma, and 11 patients with masses 5 with lymphadenopathy in the 16 with DLBCLs. Conclusion: NHL is a malignancy that usually occurs in patients with AIDS. Imaging is an important method by which to evaluate lesions, masses, and lymphadenopathy. Fine needle aspiration biopsy and stereotaxis biopsy are useful methods by which to diagnose NHL.

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피인용 문헌

  1. Primary mediastinal large B cell lymphoma in a woman who is human immunodeficiency virus positive presenting with superior vena cava syndrome: a case report vol.11, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-017-1200-z
  2. HIV-related Malignancies and Mimics: Imaging Findings and Management pp.1527-1323, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2018180149